Peck History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

When the ancestors of the Peck family emigrated to England following the Norman Conquest in 1066 they brought their family name with them. They lived in Denbighshire. The surname of Peck derives from the Old English word pekke, indicating the top of a mountain or hill, and was a local name distinguishing a person who lived by a prominent peak.

Early Origins of the Peck family

The surname Peck was first found in Essex where they held a family seat from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.

Early History of the Peck family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Peck research. Another 83 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1400, 1390, 1692 and 1743 are included under the topic Early Peck History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Peck Spelling Variations

The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries. For that reason, spelling variations are common among many Anglo-Norman names. The shape of the English language was frequently changed with the introduction of elements of Norman French, Latin, and other European languages; even the spelling of literate people's names were subsequently modified. Peck has been recorded under many different variations, including Peck, Pecke and others.

Early Notables of the Peck family (pre 1700)

Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Peck Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Peck Ranking

In the United States, the name Peck is the 795th most popular surname with an estimated 37,305 people with that name. [1] However, in the United Kingdom, the name Peck is ranked the 991st most popular surname with an estimated 7,021 people with that name. [2]


United States Peck migration to the United States +

To escape the uncertainty of the political and religious uncertainty found in England, many English families boarded ships at great expense to sail for the colonies held by Britain. The passages were expensive, though, and the boats were unsafe, overcrowded, and ridden with disease. Those who were hardy and lucky enough to make the passage intact were rewarded with land, opportunity, and social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families went on to be important contributors to the young nations of Canada and the United States where they settled. Pecks were some of the first of the immigrants to arrive in North America:

Peck Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Elizabeth Peck, aged 4, who arrived in New England in 1635 [3]
  • Israel Peck, aged 7, who arrived in New England in 1635 [3]
  • Margery Peck, aged 40, who landed in New England in 1635 [3]
  • Nathaniel Peck, who arrived in Hingham, Massachusetts in 1635 [3]
  • Robert Peck, who landed in Hingham, Massachusetts in 1638 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Peck Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Johann Peck, who landed in New York, NY in 1709 [3]
  • Anna Catherina Peck, aged 10, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1733 [3]
  • Engelina Peck, aged 37, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1733 [3]
  • Hans Georg Peck, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1733 [3]
  • Hans Jerick Peck, aged 30, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1733 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Peck Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Elizabeth Peck, who arrived in New York in 1823 with her husband and four children
  • Solomon R Peck, who arrived in Texas in 1835 [3]
  • Sherman Peck, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]
  • Peter Peck, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1850 [3]
  • Silas Peck, who landed in New York, NY in 1855 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Peck migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Peck Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Benjamin Peck, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Isaac Peck, aged 13, who landed in Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia in 1775
  • Richard Peck, aged 47, who arrived in Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia in 1775
  • Richard Peck, his wife Jane and eight children settled in Halifax Nova Scotia in 1775
  • Mr. Caleb Peck U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Peck Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Washington Peck, who landed in Canada in 1834
  • Chauncy Harper Peck, who landed in Canada in 1840

Australia Peck migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Peck Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Joshua Peck, (b. 1756), aged 31, English convict who was convicted in Exeter, Devon, England for 7 years for theft, transported aboard the "Charlotte" on 13th May 1787, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1825 [5]
Peck Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. James Peck, (b. 1799), aged 21, British Convict who was convicted in Suffolk, England for 7 years for poaching, transported aboard the "Earl St Vincent" on 6th April 1820, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1877 [6]
  • Mr. Joseph Peck, British Convict who was convicted in Suffolk, England for 7 years for poaching, transported aboard the "Earl St Vincent" on 6th April 1820, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, brother to James Peck [6]
  • William Peck, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 29, 1828, settling in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • Mr. Stephen Peck, (b. 1799), aged 37, English convict who was convicted in Bedford, Bedfordshire, England for 14 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Eden" on 27th August 1836, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [8]
  • John Peck, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cleveland" in 1839 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Peck migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Peck Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Charles Peck, aged 32, a farm labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Catherine Stewart Forbes" in 1841
  • Harriett Peck, aged 26, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Catherine Stewart Forbes" in 1841
  • Daniel Peck, aged 32, a farm labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Catherine Stewart Forbes" in 1841
  • Elizabeth Peck, aged 30, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Catherine Stewart Forbes" in 1841
  • Mary Ann Peck, aged 8, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Catherine Stewart Forbes" in 1841
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Peck migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [10]
Peck Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Thomas Peck, who settled in Barbados in 1634
  • Mr. Thomas Peck, (b. 1614), aged 20, British settler travelling from London, UK arriving in St Christopher (St. Kitts) on 5th January 1634 [3]
  • Mr. Francis Peck, (b. 1613), aged 22, British settler travelling from London, England aboard the ship "Alexander" arriving in Barbados in 1635 [11]
  • Francis Peck, aged 22, who arrived in Barbados in 1635 [3]

Contemporary Notables of the name Peck (post 1700) +

  • Eldred Gregory Peck (1916-2003), American Academy Award winning film actor and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, best known for his performance as Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird (1962)
  • Richard Wayne Peck (1934-2018), American novelist known for his modern young adult literature, awarded the Newbery Medal in 2001 for his novel A Year Down Yonder
  • Nat Peck (1925-2015), American jazz trombonist who played with Glenn Miller (1943-1945) and Don Redman (1947)
  • Brigadier-General Walter Raymond Peck (1896-1965), American Commanding General 2nd Air Force (1947) [12]
  • George Wilbur Peck (1840-1916), American writer and politician, 17th Governor of Wisconsin
  • Charles Horton Peck (1833-1917), American mycologist who described over 2700 species of North American fungi
  • Jesse Truesdell Peck (1811-1883), American bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Private Archie A. Peck (1894-1978), American soldier in the United States Army, recipient of the Medal of Honor for his actions during the World War I
  • Ralph Brazelton Peck (1912-2008), American civil engineer specializing in soil mechanics
  • John Edward Peck (b. 1958), American film and television actor
  • ... (Another 177 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Hood
  • Mr. Owen O Peck (b. 1911), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Bracknell, Berkshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [13]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Robert Arthur Peck, British Chief Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [14]


Suggested Readings for the name Peck +

  • Klein-Peck: Prairie Milestones by Philip Cuthbert Biddle.
  • A Sense of Place, Northwest Ohio by Mary Mae Campbell.

  1. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  2. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 4th February 2021, retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/charlotte)
  6. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 10th September 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-st-vincent
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 24) Albion voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1828 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1828
  8. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 20th October 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/eden
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CLEVELAND 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Cleveland.htm
  10. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  11. ^ Pilgrim Ship Lists Early 1600's retrieved 28th September 2021. (Retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  12. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2014, March 26) Walter Peck. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Peck/Walter_Raymond/USA.html
  13. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  14. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html


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