When the Anglo- Normans
began to settle in Ireland
, they brought the tradition of local
surnames to an island which already had a Gaelic naming system of hereditary surnames
established. Unlike the Irish, the Anglo- Normans
had an affinity for local surnames. Local
surnames, such as Pappard, were formed from the names of a place or a geographical landmark where the person lived, held land, or was born. The earliest Anglo-Norman surnames of this type came from Normandy
, but as the Normans
moved, they created names that referred to where they actually resided. Therefore, English places were used for names when the Normans
lived in England
, and then Irish places after these particular Anglo- Normans
had been settled in Ireland
for some time. Originally, these place names were prefixed by de, which means from in French. However, this type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname, if the place name began with a vowel, or it was eliminated entirely. The Pappard family originally lived in either Peppard or Pipard in Normandy
. The surname Pappard belongs to the large category of Anglo-Norman habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Early Origins of the Pappard family
The surname Pappard was first found in at Drogheda in County Louth
(Irish: Lú) the smallest county in Ireland
, located on the East coast, in the Province of Leinster
, where they were descended from Gilbert de Angulo, a Norman Commander of Strongbow
, the Earl of Pembroke. Gilbert obtained from King Henry II about 1195, all the lands called Maghery-Gallen and his son, Jocelyn received Ardbraccan and Navan. He became the Baron
Navan. Gilbert's second son, Peter Peppard, became Justiciary of Ireland, the first to be sire named Peppard. Peter's grandson Ralph, founded St. Mary's Abbey in Ardee.
Early History of the Pappard family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pappard research.Another 117 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 169 and 1695 are included under the topic Early Pappard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Pappard Spelling Variations
During the lifetime of an individual person, his name was often spelt by church officials and medieval scribes the way it sounded. An examination of the many different origins of each name has revealed many spelling variations
for the name: Peppard, Pepard, Pappard, DePappard, Pepperd, Peperd and many more.
Early Notables of the Pappard family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Pappard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Pappard family to the New World and Oceana
In the mid-19th century, Ireland
experienced one of the worst periods in its entire history. During this decade in order to ease the pressure of the soil, which was actually depleted by the effects of the previous years' grain crops, landowners forced tenant
farmers and peasants onto tiny plots of land that barely provided the basic sustenance a family required. Conditions were worsened, though, by the population of the country, which was growing fast to roughly eight million. So when the Great Potato Famine
of the mid-1840s hit, starvation and diseases decimated the population. Thousands of Irish families
left the country for British North America and the United States. The new immigrants were often accommodated either in the opening western frontiers or as cheap unskilled labor in the established centers. In early passenger and immigration lists there are many immigrants bearing the name Pappard: John Peppard who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1826; James also landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1828.
The Pappard Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Virtute et valore
Motto Translation: By virtue and valour