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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


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The surname Oxford was first found in Oxfordshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1] indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Oxford, Ulric de Oxenford, a Norman noble who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Oxford, Oxenford, Oxforde, Oxenforde and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Oxford research. Another 199 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1317, 1319, and 1607 are included under the topic Early Oxford History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Oxford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Oxford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Christopher Oxford, who came to Virginia in 1635
  • Christopher Oxford, who landed in Virginia in 1635
  • William Oxford, who arrived in Virginia in 1637
  • Michael Oxford, who came to Barbados in 1639
  • Joseph Oxford, who landed in Virginia in 1650


Oxford Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Rebecca Oxford, who landed in Virginia in 1724
  • Abraham Oxford, who arrived in New Jersey in 1760

Oxford Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Henry Oxford, aged 18, arrived in New York in 1862

Oxford Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Samuel Oxford, English convict from Dorset, who was transported aboard the "Andromeda" on November 13, 1832, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • William Oxford, aged 30, a brickmaker, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "William Stevenson"

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  • Tom Oxford, American Libertarian politician, Candidate for Chief Justice of Texas State Supreme Court, 2006, 2008; Candidate for justice of Texas State Supreme Court, 2010, 2012
  • Harry E. Oxford (b. 1866), American Democrat politician, Member of New York State Assembly, 1902-03, 1913; Delegate to New York State Constitutional Convention 12th District, 1915
  • Mrs. Dixon Oxford, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Georgia, 1952
  • Harry E Oxford, American politician, who was a member of the New York state assembly from 1902-03 to 1913
  • Kenneth "Ken" Oxford (1929-1993), English footballer
  • Sir Kenneth Gordon Oxford CBE, QPM (1924-1998), Chief constable of Merseyside Police from 1976 until 1989
  • Arthur Oxford (1895-1980), Australian rugby league footballer


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  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  2. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  3. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  4. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  5. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  6. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  7. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  8. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  9. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  10. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  11. ...

The Oxford Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Oxford Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 23 May 2016 at 15:56.

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