The Overs surname is generally thought to be a habitational name, taken on from one of several places named Over, or Ower in Britain, such as Over in Cambridgeshire
, in Cheshire
and in Derbyshire
. These place names are derived from the Old English "ofer," meaning "seashore," or "riverbank."
Early Origins of the Overs family
The surname Overs was first found in Cheshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant
of the lands of Over, held by Earl Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester and the northwest, who was recorded in the Domesday Book
census of 1086.
Early History of the Overs family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Overs research.Another 205 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1275 and 1524 are included under the topic Early Overs History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Overs Spelling Variations
Early Notables of the Overs family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Overs Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Overs family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: John Over, a bonded passenger who came to Barbados in 1672; Edward and Elizabeth Ower, who arrived in Virginia in 1666; Andrew Over, who arrived in Maryland in 1681.