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Oneill History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



Irish names tend to vary widely in their spelling and overall form. The original Gaelic form of the name Oneill is Ó Néill, which means descendant of Niall, a personal name of Irish origin, thought to mean "champion."

Early Origins of the Oneill family


The surname Oneill was first found in County Tyrone (Irish: Tír Eoghain), the ancient territory of the O'Neills, now in the Province of Ulster, central Northern Ireland, and County Clare where O'Neill was chief of Clan Dalvy and of Tradree, a district in the barony of Inchiquinn. In the 10th century, a branch of this family went to Limerick to assist in the expulsion of the Danes. After one victorious occasion they wore green boughs in their helmets and on their horses' heads signifying their victory.

Early History of the Oneill family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Oneill research.
Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1480, 1559, 1530, 1567, 1550, 1616, 1612, 1664, 1694, 1689 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Oneill History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Oneill Spelling Variations


A name was often recorded during the Middle Ages under several different spelling variations during the life of its bearer because literacy was rare there was no real push to clearly define any of the languages found in the British Isles at that time. Variations found of the name Oneill include O'Neill, Neal, Neale, Neales, Neil, Nihill, Niell, O'Nail, O'Neil, O'Niel and many more.

Early Notables of the Oneill family (pre 1700)


Notable amongst the family name at this time was Sir Niall O'Neill who distinguished himself at the Battle of the Boyne; Conn O'Neill, 1st Earl of Tyrone (c.1480-1559) King of Tir Eogain; Shane O'Neill (c.1530-1567), Irish king of the O'Neill dynasty of Ulster; Hugh O'Neill (c. 1550-1616), Earl of Tyrone, also...
Another 61 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Oneill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Oneill family to the New World and Oceana


Death and immigration greatly reduced Ireland's population in the 19th century. For the native Irish people poverty, hunger, and racial prejudice was common. Therefore, thousands left their homeland to seek opportunity in North America. Those who survived the journey and the quarantine camps to which they arrived, were instrumental towards building the strong developing nations of the United States and the future Canada. By far, the largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine during the late 1840s. These were employed as construction or factory workers. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has shown early immigrants bearing the name Oneill:

Oneill Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Arthur, Bernard, Charles, Denis, Edward, Felix, James, John, Mark, Michael, Patrick, Terence, Thomas, and William O'Neill all, who arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860

Oneill Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Patrick O'Neill, aged 30, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • Elizabeth O'Neill, aged 30, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • Susan O'Neill, aged 6, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • John O'Neill, aged 4, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • Francis O'Neill, aged 2, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Oneill Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Francis O'Neill, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Caspar" in 1849 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The CASPAR 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Caspar.htm
  • Michael O'Neill, aged 37, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Phoebe Dunbar" [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PHOEBE DUNBAR 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/phoebedunbar1852.shtml
  • John O'Neill, aged 38, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Epaminondas" [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) EPAMINONDAS 1852. Retrieved www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/epaminondas1852.shtml
  • Catherine O'Neill, aged 20, a childs maid, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Sir Edward Parry" [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    South Australian Register Monday 27th March 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Sir Edward Parry 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/siredwardparry1854.shtml
  • John O'Neill, aged 31, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Confiance" [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    South Australian Register Wednesday 13th September 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Confiance 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/confiance1854.shtml.
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Oneill Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Arthur O'Neill, aged 23, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Shamrock" in 1856
  • Patrick O'Neill, aged 27, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863
  • Kate O'Neill, aged 18, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863
  • Bridget O'Neill, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alfred" in 1864 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Archives New Zealand Micro 5019. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Alfred. Retrieved from http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ourstuff/Alfred1864.htm
  • Maria G. O'Neill, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "City of Auckland" in 1870
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Oneill (post 1700)


  • Thomas Phillip "Tip" O'Neill Jr. (1912-1994), former US Congressman and Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1977 to 1987 and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Thomas P. O'Neill III (b. 1944), American Democrat politician, Member of Massachusetts State House of Representatives, 1973-74; Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, 1975-83 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 28) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Thomas Newman O'Neill Jr. (1928-2018), American jurist, Senior Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania (1996-2018)
  • Jack O'Neill (1923-2017), American businessman, often credited with the invention of the wetsuit, founder of the O'Neill brand
  • Paul O'Neill (1956-2017), American music composer, lyricist, producer, and songwriter
  • Arthur Joseph O'Neill (1917-2013), American Roman Catholic prelate, Bishop of Rockford (1968–1994)
  • Rose Cecil O'Neill (1874-1944), American illustrator who created the character "Kewpie" best known as the "Kewpie Doll"
  • William Atchison O'Neill (1930-2007), American Governor of Connecticut from 1980 to 1991
  • Sergeant Richard William O'Neill (1898-1982), American soldier who received the Medal of Honor for his actions during World War I
  • Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (1888-1953), American playwright, and Nobel laureate (1936) in Literature and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1920, 1922, 1928, and 1957
  • ... (Another 120 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Oneill family



RMS Lusitania

  • Mr. F. H. O'Neill, English Able-Bodied Seaman from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/

Oneill Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The CASPAR 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Caspar.htm
  2. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PHOEBE DUNBAR 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/phoebedunbar1852.shtml
  3. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) EPAMINONDAS 1852. Retrieved www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/epaminondas1852.shtml
  4. ^ South Australian Register Monday 27th March 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Sir Edward Parry 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/siredwardparry1854.shtml
  5. ^ South Australian Register Wednesday 13th September 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Confiance 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/confiance1854.shtml.
  6. ^ Archives New Zealand Micro 5019. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Alfred. Retrieved from http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ourstuff/Alfred1864.htm
  7. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 28) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  8. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/

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