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Irish names tend to vary widely in their spelling and overall form. The original Gaelic form of the name Oneill is Ó Néill, which means descendant of Niall, a personal name of Irish origin, thought to mean "champion."

Oneill Early Origins



The surname Oneill was first found in County Tyrone (Irish: Tír Eoghain), the ancient territory of the O'Neills, now in the Province of Ulster, central Northern Ireland, and County Clare where O'Neill was chief of Clan Dalvy and of Tradree, a district in the barony of Inchiquinn. In the 10th century, a branch of this family went to Limerick to assist in the expulsion of the Danes. After one victorious occasion they wore green boughs in their helmets and on their horses' heads signifying their victory.

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Oneill Spelling Variations


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Oneill Spelling Variations



A name was often recorded during the Middle Ages under several different spelling variations during the life of its bearer because literacy was rare there was no real push to clearly define any of the languages found in the British Isles at that time. Variations found of the name Oneill include O'Neill, Neal, Neale, Neales, Neil, Nihill, Niell, O'Nail, O'Neil, O'Niel and many more.

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Oneill Early History


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Oneill Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Oneill research. Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1480, 1559, 1530, 1567, 1550, 1616, 1612, 1664, 1694, 1689 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Oneill History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Oneill Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Oneill Early Notables (pre 1700)



Notable amongst the family name at this time was Sir Niall O'Neill who distinguished himself at the Battle of the Boyne; Conn O'Neill, 1st Earl of Tyrone (c.1480-1559) King of Tir Eogain; Shane O'Neill (c.1530-1567), Irish king of the O'Neill dynasty of Ulster; Hugh O'Neill ( c. 1550-1616), Earl of Tyrone, also...

Another 61 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Oneill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Death and immigration greatly reduced Ireland's population in the 19th century. For the native Irish people poverty, hunger, and racial prejudice was common. Therefore, thousands left their homeland to seek opportunity in North Ameri ca. Those who survived the journey and the quarantine camps to which they arrived, were instrumental towards building the strong developing nations of the United States and the future Canada. By far, the largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine during the late 1840s. These were employed as construction or factory workers. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has shown early immigrants bearing the name Oneill:

Oneill Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Arthur, Bernard, Charles, Denis, Edward, Felix, James, John, Mark, Michael, Patrick, Terence, Thomas, and William O'Neill all arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860

Oneill Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Patrick O'Neill, aged 30, a farmer, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • Elizabeth O'Neill, aged 30, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • Susan O'Neill, aged 6, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • John O'Neill, aged 4, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • Francis O'Neill, aged 2, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Oneill Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Francis O'Neill arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Caspar" in 1849
  • Michael O'Neill, aged 37, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Phoebe Dunbar"
  • John O'Neill, aged 38, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Epaminondas"
  • Catherine O'Neill, aged 20, a childs maid, arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Sir Edward Parry"
  • John O'Neill, aged 31, arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Confiance"
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Oneill Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Arthur O'Neill, aged 23, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Shamrock" in 1856
  • Patrick O'Neill, aged 27, arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863
  • Kate O'Neill, aged 18, arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863
  • Bridget O'Neill arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alfred" in 1864 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Archives New Zealand Micro 5019. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Alfred. Retrieved from http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ourstuff/Alfred1864.htm
  • Maria G. O'Neill arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "City of Auckland" in 1870
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Contemporary Notables of the name Oneill (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Oneill (post 1700)



  • Arthur Joseph O'Neill (1917-2013), American Roman Catholic prelate, Bishop of Rockford (1968–1994)
  • Rose Cecil O'Neill (1874-1944), American illustrator who created the character "Kewpie" best known as the "Kewpie Doll"
  • William Atchison O'Neill (1930-2007), American Governor of Connecticut from 1980 to 1991
  • Sergeant Richard William O'Neill (1898-1982), American soldier who received the Medal of Honor for his actions during World War I
  • James R. O'Neill Jr., American Democrat politician, Candidate for Delegate to Michigan State Constitutional Convention from 22nd Senatorial District, 1961
  • Jerome F. O'Neill, American politician, U.S. Attorney for Vermont, 1981
  • Jerry O'Neill, American Democrat politician, Candidate in primary for Michigan State Senate 5th District, 1944
  • John O'Neill (1822-1905), American Democrat politician, U.S. Representative from Ohio 13th District, 1863-65; Member of Ohio State Senate, 1884-87
  • John O'Neill, American politician, Member of Pennsylvania State House of Representatives from Allegheny County, 1879-82
  • John O'Neill, American politician, Candidate for U.S. Senator from Ohio, 1970, 1976
  • ... (Another 114 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Oneill Historic Events


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Oneill Historic Events




RMS Lusitania

  • Mr. F. H. O'Neill, English Able-Bodied Seaman from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking

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Oneill Family Crest Products


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Oneill Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Archives New Zealand Micro 5019. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Alfred. Retrieved from http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ourstuff/Alfred1864.htm

Other References

  1. O'Hart, John. Irish Pedigress 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4).
  2. Fitzgerald, Thomas W. Ireland and Her People A Library of Irish Biography 5 Volumes. Chicago: Fitzgerald. Print.
  3. Woulfe, Rev. Patrick. Irish Names and Surnames Collected and Edited with Explanatory and Historical Notes. Kansas City: Genealogical Foundation, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-940134-403).
  4. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  5. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992. Print.
  6. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  7. Rasmussen, Louis J. . San Francisco Ship Passenger Lists 4 Volumes Colma, California 1965 Reprint. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1978. Print.
  8. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  9. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  10. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  11. ...

The Oneill Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Oneill Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 24 November 2016 at 11:28.

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