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Irish names tend to vary widely in their spelling and overall form. The original Gaelic form of the name Oneile is Ó Néill, which means descendant of Niall, a personal name of Irish origin, thought to mean "champion."

Oneile Early Origins



The surname Oneile was first found in County Tyrone (Irish: Tír Eoghain), the ancient territory of the O'Neills, now in the Province of Ulster, central Northern Ireland, and County Clare where O'Neill was chief of Clan Dalvy and of Tradree, a district in the barony of Inchiquinn. In the 10th century, a branch of this family went to Limerick to assist in the expulsion of the Danes. After one victorious occasion they wore green boughs in their helmets and on their horses' heads signifying their victory.

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Oneile Spelling Variations


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Oneile Spelling Variations



Pronunciation, rather than spelling, guided scribes and church officials when recording names during the Middle Ages. This practice often resulted in one person's name being recorded under several different spellings. Numerous spelling variations of the surname Oneile are preserved in these old documents. The various spellings of the name that were found include O'Neill, Neal, Neale, Neales, Neil, Nihill, Niell, O'Nail, O'Neil, O'Niel and many more.

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Oneile Early History


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Oneile Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Oneile research. Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1480, 1559, 1530, 1567, 1550, 1616, 1612, 1664, 1694, 1689 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Oneile History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Oneile Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Oneile Early Notables (pre 1700)



Notable amongst the family name at this time was Sir Niall O'Neill who distinguished himself at the Battle of the Boyne; Conn O'Neill, 1st Earl of Tyrone (c.1480-1559) King of Tir Eogain; Shane O'Neill (c.1530-1567), Irish king of the O'Neill dynasty of Ulster; Hugh O'Neill ( c. 1550-1616), Earl of Tyrone, also...

Another 61 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Oneile Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



The 19th century saw a great wave of Irish families leaving Ireland for the distant shores of North America and Australia. These families often left their homeland hungry, penniless, and destitute do to the policies of England. Those Irish immigrants that survived the long sea passage initially settled on the eastern seaboard of the continent. Some, however, moved north to a then infant Canada as United Empire Loyalists after ironically serving with the English in the American War of Independence. Others that remained in America later joined the westward migration in search of land. The greatest influx of Irish immigrants, though, came to North America during the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Thousands left Ireland at this time for North America, and those who arrived were immediately put to work building railroads, coal mines, bridges, and canals. In fact, the foundations of today's powerful nations of the United Sates and Canada were to a larger degree built by the Irish. Archival documents indicate that members of the Oneile family relocated to North American shores quite early:

Oneile Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • James T. O'Neile, who arrived in America, in 1904
  • Patrick O'Neile, aged 21, who arrived in America from Liverpool, England, in 1904
  • Brendan O'Neile, aged 24, who arrived in America from Drumcondra, Ireland, in 1907
  • Denis J. O'Neile, aged 24, who arrived in America from Sallins, Ireland, in 1909
  • Peter O'Neile, who arrived in America from Liverpool, England, in 1919
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Contemporary Notables of the name Oneile (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Oneile (post 1700)



  • R.J. O'Neile, Australian General Secretary of the Public Service Association of NSW (1945-1959)

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Oneile Family Crest Products


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Oneile Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    2. MacLysaght, Edward. Mores Irish Familes. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-0126-0).
    3. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
    4. Vicars, Sir Arthur. Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland 1536-1810. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    5. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
    6. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992. Print.
    7. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
    8. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    9. Harris, Ruth-Ann and B. Emer O'Keefe. The Search for Missing Friends Irish Immigrant Advertisements Placed in the Boston Pilot Volume II 1851-1853. Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1991. Print.
    10. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
    11. ...

    The Oneile Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Oneile Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 8 July 2014 at 08:16.

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