The ancestry of the name Onderwould dates from the ancient Anglo-Saxon
culture of Britain. It comes from when the family lived in a forest, below a forest on a hillside, or in either of the settlements called Underwood in Derbyshire
. The surname Onderwould belongs to both the category of habitation
names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads, and the class of topographic
surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees.
Early Origins of the Onderwould family
The surname Onderwould was first found in Derbyshire
at Underwood, a liberty, in the parish of Ashbourn, hundred
of Wirksworth. Underwood is also a hamlet, in the parish of Selston, union of Basford in Nottinghamshire
, but it is the former from where the family originated. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Literally the place names mean "place within or near a wood," from the Old English "under" + "wudu." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
However, we must look to Suffolk for the first records of the surname for it is there in 1188 William de Underwode was found. A few years later in Yorkshire, William Underwude de Clokton was listed in the Assize Rolls of 1219. William Under the Wode was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Staffordshire in 1332. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 had two listings: John Underwode in Oxfordshire; and Hugh Underwod in Cambridgeshire. Robertus Vndrewode was listed in a Latin form of then name in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Onderwould family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Onderwould research.Another 196 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 163 and 1632 are included under the topic Early Onderwould History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Onderwould Spelling Variations
in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Onderwould have been found, including Underwood, Underwoode and others.
Early Notables of the Onderwould family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Onderwould Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Onderwould family to Ireland
Some of the Onderwould family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 45 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Onderwould family to the New World and Oceana
Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England
. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England
, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Onderwould, or a variant listed above: James Underwood settled in Salem, Massachusetts in 1630; Giles Underwood settled in Virginia in 1663; Martin Underwood and his wife Martha settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1634.
The Onderwould Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Omnes arbusta juvant
Motto Translation: Groves (Underwood) delight all men.