The spelling and overall form of Irish names tend to vary widely over time. The original Gaelic form of the name O'Hartigand is O hArtigain, which connotes a descendant of Art.
Early Origins of the O'Hartigand family
The surname O'Hartigand was first found in counties Clare and Limerick
(Irish: Luimneach) located in Southwestern Ireland
, in the province of Munster
, where they held a family seat
from ancient times.
One of the first records of the family was of Cineth O'Hartigan (died 975), an Irish poet from the north of Ireland, perhaps best known for his "Dinnsenchus," a work which relates the legendary history of the duns, lakes, plains and mountains of Ireland. It gives a prose account of each place, followed by an account in verse.
Early History of the O'Hartigand family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our O'Hartigand research.Another 80 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early O'Hartigand History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
O'Hartigand Spelling Variations
One explanation for the many variations is that scribes and church officials frequently spelled the name as it sounded: an imprecise method at best. Understandably then, various spellings of the surname O'Hartigand were found in the many archives researched. These included Hartigan, O'Hartigan, Hartagan, Hartegan, Hartigon, Hartagon and many more.
Early Notables of the O'Hartigand family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early O'Hartigand Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the O'Hartigand family to the New World and Oceana
Suffering from poverty and racial discrimination, thousands of Irish families
left the island in the 19th century for North America aboard cramped passenger ships. The early migrants became settlers of small tracts of land, and those that came later were often employed in the new cities or transitional work camps. The largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine
during the late 1840s. Although the immigrants from this period were often maligned when they arrived in the United States, they provided the cheap labor that was necessary for the development of that country as an industrial power. Early immigration and passenger lists have revealed many immigrants bearing the name O'Hartigand: James, Michael, Patrick and Thomas Hartigan arrived in Canada in 1839; Michael Hartigan arrived in Baltimore with his wife and five children in 1820. In Newfoundland, Denis settled in St. John's in 1804.
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