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The Newark surname is a habitational name taken on from a place name, such as Newark in Cambridgeshire or Newark on Trent in Nottinghamshire. These place names derive from the Old English "niwe" meaning "new," and "weorc," meaning "fortification," or "building."

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The surname Newark was first found in Yorkshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. The Saxon influence of English history diminished after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries and the Norman ambience prevailed. But Saxon surnames survived and the family name was first referenced in the 13th century when they held estates in that shire.

Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Newark family name include Newark, Newarke, Nework, Newock, Newoke, Newick and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Newark research. Another 256 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1455, 1487, 1510, and 1600 are included under the topic Early Newark History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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More information is included under the topic Early Newark Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Newark surname or a spelling variation of the name include:

Newark Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Wm. Newark, who came to Virginia in 1654
  • William Newark, who arrived in Virginia in 1654

Newark Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Thomas Newark, who came to Philadelphia in 1782
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Citations



    Other References

    1. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
    2. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
    3. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
    4. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
    5. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
    6. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
    7. Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
    8. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
    9. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
    10. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    11. ...

    The Newark Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Newark Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 8 June 2013 at 07:39.

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