Muschamp History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Muschamp reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Muschamp family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Muschamp family lived in Muscamp, Normandy, the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. [1]

Early Origins of the Muschamp family

The surname Muschamp was first found in Lincolnshire Roger, Baron Muschamp held Wilgebi in 1086 and Robert de Muscam his son, Seneschal to Gilbert de Gand, had issue, Hugh, a benefactor of Nostel Priory in the time of Hen. I. [2]

This Hugh, who appears in the Liber Niger as a landowner in York and Lincoln, has left his name to Muskam in Nottinghamshire, which he held of Henry Murdac, Archbishop of York. He had a park, and no doubt a residence, at South Muskam, where some of his land was granted to Rufiford Abbey, his last gift being made " when he rendered himself to the fellowship of the monks." [3] His son and heir Robert confirmed his grants, and completed the church he had commenced building at Rufford. Robert's three sons, Ralph, Robert, and Andrew, all died s. p., and in 1223 Ralph de Gresley entered into possession of their inheritance as the husband of their sister Isabel. At North Muskam, Thomas de Muschamp held of Robert de Everingham's fee in 1165 [3], and was succeeded there by at least four generations of descendants, but Thoroton only carries the pedigree down to 1323, when the manor was disposed of by Thomas de Muschamp. [2]

A more important branch of the family was seated in Northumberland, where Reginald de Muscamp is mentioned in 1130 (Rot. Pip.). Robert de Muscamp (perhaps his brother) received from Henry I. a barony of four knights' fees in Bambroughshire, and chose Wooler-a small market town to the east of the Cheviots-as the head of his honour. His son Thomas, who joined Prince Henry's rebellion in 11 72, and married Maud de Vesci, the daughter of the Lord of Alnwick, was the grandfather of another Robert, considered the mightiest Baron in the North of England. [2]

A William de Muschampe of Barmoor Castle (about a mile W. from Lowick) is mentioned in 1272 : and his descendant George Muschampe was twice High Sheriff of Northumberland under Queen Elizabeth.

North Middleton is of particular importance to the family. "This place was, with South Middleton, anciently the estate of Robert de Muschamp, and a member of his lordship of Wooler: the manor became divided into North and South about the end of the reign of Henry III., and in the time of Henry IV. the former part was held by John de Farmelawe." [4]

Geoffrey de Muschamp (d. 1208), "Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, was probably a member of the family of Muschamp, barons by tenure of Wallovere in Northumberland. Geoffrey was appointed Archdeacon of Cleveland in 1189, after the death of Henry II, and without the knowledge of King Richard. Geoffrey of York had made use of his position as chancellor to affix the late king's seals on his own authority, probably acting on directions given by Henry before his death. He was consecrated by Hubert at Canterbury on 21 June 1198 (his own autograph in the archives of Canterbury). He was present at [King] John's coronation in May 1199 and at the council of Westminster in 1200. In 1204 he appears as a commissioner to decide the suit between the Bishop of Worcester and abbey of Evesham." [5]

Early History of the Muschamp family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Muschamp research. Another 226 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1622, 1630, 1463, 1660 and 1624 are included under the topic Early Muschamp History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Muschamp Spelling Variations

Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Muscamp, Muschamp, Muscampe, Mushcamp, Musscamp, Musscampe, Musschampe and many more.

Early Notables of the Muschamp family (pre 1700)

Another 27 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Muschamp Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Muschamp family to Ireland

Some of the Muschamp family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 38 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Muschamp migration to the United States +

Because of the political and religious discontent in England, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Muschamp name or one of its variants:

Muschamp Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Math Muschamp, who arrived in Virginia in 1664
  • John Muschamp, who settled in Maryland in 1665
  • Edmond Muschamp, who settled in Maryland in 1665
  • Edmond Muschamp, who landed in Maryland in 1665 [6]
  • John Muschamp, who arrived in Maryland in 1665 [6]
Muschamp Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • George Muschamp, who arrived in Maryland in 1713
Muschamp Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • William Anthony Muschamp, who arrived in Nebraska in 1908
  • Robert Charles Muschamp, who arrived in Nebraska in 1908
  • Ernest Frank Muschamp, who settled in Nebraska in 1908
  • Arthur Douglas Muschamp, who settled in Nebraska in 1916

Australia Muschamp migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Muschamp Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

Contemporary Notables of the name Muschamp (post 1700) +

  • Herbert Muschamp (1947-2007), American architecture critic, writer for the New York Times
  • Cecil Emerson Barron Muschamp (b. 1902), British clergyman
  • Emerson Muschamp Bainbridge (1817-1892), English co-founder of Bainbridge's, a major department store in Eldon Square in the centre of Newcastle upon Tyne, England in 1838, re-branded as John Lewis Newcastle in 1974
  • Emerson Muschamp Bainbridge (1845-1911), English mining consulting engineer, philanthropist and Liberal Party politician


  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Cleveland, Dutchess of The Battle Abbey Roll with some Account of the Norman Lineages. London: John Murray, Abermarle Street, 1889. Print. Volume 3 of 3
  3. ^ Liber Niger Scutarii ("Black Book of the Exchequer"), containing reports by county on feudal holdings in England in 1166 (reign of Henry II)
  4. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  5. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 11th February 2021, retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/clara)


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