Montforth is one of the many new names that came to England
following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Montforth family lived in Warwickshire
. The name, however, is a reference to the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
in 1066, one of two places Montfort-sur-Lisle near Argentan in the Normandy
district, or Montfort near Pont-Audemer, also in Normandy.
Early Origins of the Montforth family
The surname Montforth was first found in Warwickshire
where the family claims descent from "Hugh de Montfort, son of Thurstan de Basternbergh, a Norman accompanied the Conqueror in 1066, and obtained for his services more than one hundred
lordships in Kent
and Norfolk." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Nicknamed "Hugh with a Beard," he was son of Thurstan de Bastenburgh. His descendant Peter de Montford was one of the most zealous amongst the turbulent barons of the era and after the Battle of Lewes was one of the nine nominated to rule the kingdom, but he later fell at the conflict of Eversham. The direct male line became extinct with his great-grandson, Peter de Montfort who died in 1367 leaving a illegitimate son, Sir John Montfort to carry on the family. CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
Other early notables include: Simon IV de Montfort, Seigneur de Montfort-l'Amaury, 5th Earl of Leicester (1165-1218), a French nobleman who took part in the Fourth Crusade (1202-1204) and died at the siege of Toulouse in 1218. His youngest son, Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, 1st Earl of Chester (c.
1208-1265), led the barons' rebellion against King Henry III of England
during the Second Barons' War of 1263-1264, and subsequently became de facto ruler of England
. He and his eldest son Sir Henry de Montfort were killed on 4 August 1265 at the Battle of Evesham.
Early History of the Montforth family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Montforth research.Another 195 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1282, 1283, 1285, 1294, 1664 and 1692 are included under the topic Early Montforth History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Montforth Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations
. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Montfort, Montford, Mountford, Mountfort and others.
Early Notables of the Montforth family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was William de Montfort (also Mountfort), an English medieval Canon law jurist, Chancellor of the University of Oxford (1282-1283), Dean of St Paul's... Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Montforth Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Montforth family to the New World and Oceana
Because of the political and religious discontent in England
, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Montforth name or one of its variants: Steven Montfort settled in Georgia in 1734; George and Thomas Mountford settled in Virginia in 1652; Richard Mountford settled in Barbados in 1685; Edward Mountfort settled in Virginia in 1635.