Show ContentsMicheaux History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The history of the Micheaux name began during the Middle Ages in a region once known as Languedoc. The French name is derived from the ancient given name Michael, meaning one who is like God.

Early Origins of the Micheaux family

The surname Micheaux was first found in Languedoc where this renowned family held a family seat since ancient times.

During the 1700 and 1800's, the family formed two branches and members established themselves throughout France. Antoine Des Micheaux sent a letter, on December 16, 1650, to Charles De Rohan, the Marshal of France and Prince of Soubise, regarding the lands possessed by his House since 1603. At the time of the French Revolution, Jean-Antoine was admitted to the Noble Assembly of Villeneuve-de-Berg.

An active member in the political forums of his times, Charles-Flavien Des Micheaux was a Judge at the Tribunal of Commerce, a member of the Chamber of Commerce and an Administrator of the Justice department during the 1800's. Two important members of this noble family were Pierre and his son, Ernest, who invented the chain wheel bicycle in 1861.

Early History of the Micheaux family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Micheaux research. Another 232 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1390, 1500, 1509, 1635, 1739 and 1800 are included under the topic Early Micheaux History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Micheaux Spelling Variations

Most surnames have experienced slight spelling changes. A son may not chose to spell his name the same way that his father did. Many were errors, many deliberate. During the early development of the French language, a person usually gave his version, phonetically, to a scribe, a priest, or a recorder. Prefixes or suffixes varied. They were optional as they passed through the centuries, or were adopted by different branches to signify either a political or religious adherence. Hence, there a many spelling variations of the name Micheaux, including Micheaux, Micheau, Michau, Michaud, Michaux, Michault, Micheault, Michoult, Micho, Michot, Michos, Mycheaux, Mycheau, Mychau, Mychaux, Des Micheaux, Des Mycheaux, Mychaud, Des Michaux and many more.

Early Notables of the Micheaux family

More information is included under the topic Early Micheaux Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Micheaux family

Immigration to New France was slow; therefore, early marriage was desperately encouraged amongst the immigrants. The fur trade attracted migrants, both noble and commoner. 15,000 explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and 18th centuries. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. By the same year the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England and were deported to Louisiana. The French founded Lower Canada, thus becoming one of the two great founding nations of Canada. The distinguished family name Micheaux has made significant contributions to the culture, arts, sciences and religion of France and New France. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Micheaux were Jean-Baptiste Michau who settled in Quebec in 1697; Joseph Michaud settled in Quebec in 1702; F. Michaud, aged 31; settled in New Orleans in 1823; J. F. Michaud, aged 44.

Contemporary Notables of the name Micheaux (post 1700) +

  • Nicki Micheaux (b. 1971), American actress, best known for her role on ABC Family's Lincoln Heights
  • Oscar Devereaux Micheaux (1884-1951), American author, film director and independent producer of more than 44 films, the first major African-American feature filmmaker
  • Larry Wayne Micheaux (b. 1960), American professional NBA basketball player who played from 1983 through 1994 on Facebook