Show ContentsMicheau History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The history of the Micheau name began during the Middle Ages in a region once known as Languedoc. The French name is derived from the ancient given name Michael, meaning one who is like God.

Early Origins of the Micheau family

The surname Micheau was first found in Languedoc where this renowned family held a family seat since ancient times.

During the 1700 and 1800's, the family formed two branches and members established themselves throughout France. Antoine Des Micheaux sent a letter, on December 16, 1650, to Charles De Rohan, the Marshal of France and Prince of Soubise, regarding the lands possessed by his House since 1603. At the time of the French Revolution, Jean-Antoine was admitted to the Noble Assembly of Villeneuve-de-Berg.

An active member in the political forums of his times, Charles-Flavien Des Micheaux was a Judge at the Tribunal of Commerce, a member of the Chamber of Commerce and an Administrator of the Justice department during the 1800's. Two important members of this noble family were Pierre and his son, Ernest, who invented the chain wheel bicycle in 1861.

Early History of the Micheau family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Micheau research. Another 232 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1390, 1500, 1509, 1550, 1603, 1635, 1650, 1700, 1739, 1800, and 1861 are included under the topic Early Micheau History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Micheau Spelling Variations

Most surnames have experienced slight spelling changes. A son may not chose to spell his name the same way that his father did. Many were errors, many deliberate. During the early development of the French language, a person usually gave his version, phonetically, to a scribe, a priest, or a recorder. Prefixes or suffixes varied. They were optional as they passed through the centuries, or were adopted by different branches to signify either a political or religious adherence. Hence, there a many spelling variations of the name Micheau, including Micheaux, Micheau, Michau, Michaud, Michaux, Michault, Micheault, Michoult, Micho, Michot, Michos, Mycheaux, Mycheau, Mychau, Mychaux, Des Micheaux, Des Mycheaux, Mychaud, Des Michaux and many more.

Early Notables of the Micheau family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Micheau Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Micheau Ranking

In France, the name Micheau is the 4,921st most popular surname with an estimated 1,500 - 2,000 people with that name. [1]

United States Micheau migration to the United States +

Immigration to New France was slow; therefore, early marriage was desperately encouraged amongst the immigrants. The fur trade attracted migrants, both noble and commoner. 15,000 explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and 18th centuries. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. By the same year the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England and were deported to Louisiana. The French founded Lower Canada, thus becoming one of the two great founding nations of Canada. The distinguished family name Micheau has made significant contributions to the culture, arts, sciences and religion of France and New France. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Micheau were

Micheau Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Jean Micheau, who arrived in Louisiana in 1719 [2]

Canada Micheau migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Micheau Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • Mr. Pierre Micheau, (b. 1618), aged 38, French labourer travelling to Canada to work for Jacques Pepin arriving on 27th March 1656 [3]

Contemporary Notables of the name Micheau (post 1700) +

  • Janine Micheau (1914-1976), French leading lyric sopranos of her era in France

  2. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. Debien, Gabriel. Liste Des Engagés Pour Le Canada Au XVIIe Siècle. Vol. 6, Laval University, 1952. (Retreived 24th May 2018). Retrieved from on Facebook