Merrit History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The name Merrit came to England with the ancestors of the Merrit family in the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Merrit family lived in Leicestershire. Their name, however, is a reference to the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, Marriot in Normandy. While many of the family settled in England, some stayed behind in Normandy as shown by Richard Mareta who was listed there (1180-1195.) 
Early Origins of the Merrit family
The surname Merrit was first found in Somerset at Merriott, a parish, in the union of Chard, hundred of Crewkerne.  This parish was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Meriet  and possibly meant "boundary gate," from the Old English words "maere" + "geat."  Some of the first listings of the name include: Alric filius Meriet; and Aelric Meriete in 1066 and Aegel filius Mergeati c. 1086. Symon Meriet was listed in the Assize Rolls of 1202.  The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed: John de Meriet in Lincolnshire; and Simon de Meriet in Somerset. 
Important Dates for the Merrit family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Merrit research. Another 84 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1614, 1695, 1657, 1679, 1708, 1695 and 1698 are included under the topic Early Merrit History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Merrit Spelling Variations
Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Marriott, Mariott, Marriot, Marritt, Marrot, Marrotte, Mariatt, Maryet, Maryott, Marryatt, Mariate, Merritt, Merriott and many more.
Early Notables of the Merrit family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Augustine Marriott of London; Christopher Merret (Merrett) FRS (1614-1695), an English physician and scientist, the first to document the deliberate addition of sugar for the production...
Another 33 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Merrit Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Merrit family to Ireland
Some of the Merrit family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Merrit migration to the United States
Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland, North America, and Australia in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Merrit or a variant listed above:
Merrit Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- William Merrit, who settled in Virginia in 1653
- Hughes Merrit, who arrived in Virginia in 1657 
- William Merrit, who landed in New York in 1664 
- Tho Merrit, who arrived in Virginia in 1695 
Merrit Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Samuel Merrit, who landed in Virginia in 1717 
Merrit migration to Canada
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Merrit Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Mrs. Jane Merrit U.E. who settled in St. John River, New Brunswick c. 1784 
- Mr. Jesse Merrit U.E. who settled in St. John River, New Brunswick c. 1784 
- Mr. John Merrit U.E. who settled in St. John River, New Brunswick c. 1784 
- Mr. Nehemiah Merrit U.E. who settled in St. John River, New Brunswick c. 1784 
Merrit migration to Australia
Emigration to Australia
followed the First Fleets
of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
Merrit Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Thomas Merrit, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Samuel Boddington" in 1851 
Merrit migration to New Zealand
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Merrit Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Mr. J Merrit, British settler travelling from London, UK aboard the ship "British Queen" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 30th August 1859 
Contemporary Notables of the name Merrit (post 1700)
- William Merrit Chase (1849-1916), American painter
- Merrit Cramer Mechem (1870-1946), American Republican politician, Member New Mexico territorial council, 1909; District Judge in New Mexico, 1911-20; Governor of New Mexico, 1921-23 
- ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
- ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SAMUEL BODDINGTON 1851. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1851SamuelBoddington.gif
- ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
- ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 4) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html