Meritt is an ancient Norman name that arrived in England
after the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Meritt family lived in Leicestershire
. Their name, however, is a reference to the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
in 1066, Marriot in Normandy
. While many of the family settled in England
, some stayed behind in Normandy
as shown by Richard Mareta who was listed there (1180-1195.) CITATION[CLOSE]
The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
Early Origins of the Meritt family
The surname Meritt was first found in Somerset
at Merriott, a parish, in the union of Chard, hundred
of Crewkerne. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
This parish was listed in the Domesday Book
of 1086 as Meriet CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
and possibly meant "boundary gate," from the Old English words "maere" + "geat." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
Some of the first listings of the name include: Alric filius
Meriet; and Aelric Meriete in 1066 and Aegel filius Mergeati c. 1086. Symon Meriet was listed in the Assize Rolls of 1202. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273 listed: John de Meriet in Lincolnshire; and Simon de Meriet in Somerset
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Meritt family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Meritt research.Another 167 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1614, 1695, 1657, 1679, 1708, 1695 and 1698 are included under the topic Early Meritt History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Meritt Spelling Variations
Multitudes of spelling variations
are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans
introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Marriott, Mariott, Marriot, Marritt, Marrot, Marrotte, Mariatt, Maryet, Maryott, Marryatt, Mariate, Merritt, Merriott and many more.
Early Notables of the Meritt family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Augustine Marriott of London; Christopher Merret (Merrett) FRS
(1614-1695), an English physician and scientist, the first to document the deliberate addition of sugar for the production... Another 33 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Meritt Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Meritt family to Ireland
Some of the Meritt family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 101 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Meritt family to the New World and Oceana
Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland
, North America, and Australia
in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England
. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Meritt or a variant listed above: Robert Marriott settled in Jamaica in 1679; Samuel Marriott settled in Virginia in 1774; Henry Marriot settled in Virginia in 1646; Edward Marriott settled in Annapolis in 1758.