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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Origins Available: French, Scottish

Where did the Scottish Merchant family come from? What is the Scottish Merchant family crest and coat of arms? When did the Merchant family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Merchant family history?

The surname Merchant was an occupational name for a merchant having derived from the Old French, Middle English word "marchant," which in turn came from the Late Latin "mercatans."

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Spelling variations of this family name include: Merchant, Merchand, Marchand, Mercator and others.

First found in Buckinghamshire, where they held a family seat from early times and granted lands by King William for their assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D. They were originally from Normandy being tradesmen for Le Merchant. By 1180 they had been granted lands north of the border in Scotland when Rudolph Mercater held lands in Dunfermline.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Merchant research. Another 133 words(10 lines of text) covering the years 1298 and 1676 are included under the topic Early Merchant History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 39 words(3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Merchant Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Merchant Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Jeffrey Merchant settled in Virginia in 1637
  • Jeffry Merchant, who arrived in Virginia in 1637
  • Jeffery Merchant, who landed in Virginia in 1637
  • John Merchant, who arrived in Braintree, Massachusetts in 1638
  • William Merchant, who arrived in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1641


Merchant Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Richard Merchant, who landed in Virginia in 1706
  • Maria Katherina Merchant, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1731

Merchant Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Henry Merchant, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840
  • Francis Hyatt Merchant, who arrived in Texas in 1850-1906

Merchant Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • James Merchant arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Samuel Boddington" in 1851

Merchant Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • Elijah Merchant, aged 25, a labourer, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Chile" in 1874
  • Martha Merchant, aged 26, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Chile" in 1874
  • Frederick Merchant, aged 1, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Chile" in 1874

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  • Livingston Tallmadge Merchant (1903-1976), American diplomat, who twice served as United States Ambassador to Canada
  • Natalie Merchant (b. 1963), American singer and songwriter
  • George Merchant (1926-2015), Scottish footballer who played from 1951 to 1958
  • William Moelwyn Merchant (1913-1997), Welsh academic, novelist, sculptor, poet and Anglican priest
  • Vivian Merchant (1929-1982), English actress


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  • Preliminary Record of Gurdon Merchant and his Wife Hannah Van Duzer by Mary Gene McCall Middleton.
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  1. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  2. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  3. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  4. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. The Charters of David I The Written Acts of David I King of Scots, 1124-53 and of His Son Henry, Earl of Northumerland, 1139-52. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1999. Print.
  5. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  6. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  7. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  8. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
  9. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  10. Catholic Directory For Scotland. Glasgow: Burns Publications. Print.
  11. ...

The Merchant Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Merchant Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 19 August 2015 at 14:14.

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