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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: French, Scottish


The surname Merchant was an occupational name for a merchant having derived from the Old French, Middle English word "marchant," which in turn came from the Late Latin "mercatans."

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The surname Merchant was first found in Buckinghamshire, where they held a family seat from early times and granted lands by King William for their assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D. They were originally from Normandy being tradesmen for Le Merchant. By 1180 they had been granted lands north of the border in Scotland when Rudolph Mercater held lands in Dunfermline.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Merchant, Merchand, Marchand, Mercator and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Merchant research. Another 133 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1298 and 1676 are included under the topic Early Merchant History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Merchant Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Merchant Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Jeffrey Merchant settled in Virginia in 1637
  • Jeffry Merchant, who arrived in Virginia in 1637
  • Jeffery Merchant, who landed in Virginia in 1637
  • John Merchant, who arrived in Braintree, Massachusetts in 1638
  • William Merchant, who arrived in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1641


Merchant Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Richard Merchant, who landed in Virginia in 1706
  • Maria Katherina Merchant, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1731

Merchant Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Henry Merchant, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840
  • Francis Hyatt Merchant, who arrived in Texas in 1850-1906

Merchant Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century


  • Mr. Jesse Merchant U.E. who settled in New Brunswick c. 1784

Merchant Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • James Merchant arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Samuel Boddington" in 1851

Merchant Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • Elijah Merchant, aged 25, a labourer, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Chile" in 1874
  • Martha Merchant, aged 26, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Chile" in 1874
  • Frederick Merchant, aged 1, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Chile" in 1874

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  • Ray Merchant, American Republican politician, Candidate for Oklahoma State House of Representatives 65th District, 2002
  • Pamela K. Merchant, American Democrat politician, Candidate for South Dakota State Senate 7th District, 2010
  • Monisha M. Merchant, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Colorado, 2008
  • Mona H. Merchant, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Colorado, 2008
  • Milton F. Merchant, American politician, Representative from New York 26th District, 1882
  • Livingston Tallmadge Merchant (1903-1976), American politician, U.S. Ambassador to Canada, 1956-58, 1961-62
  • Joseph W. Merchant, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1868; Member of New York State Assembly from Madison County 1st District, 1870
  • Harriet Merchant, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1996
  • Cortez Merchant, American politician, Member of Connecticut State Senate 11th District, 1854
  • Raymond D. Merchant, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 1948, 1952

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  • Preliminary Record of Gurdon Merchant and his Wife Hannah Van Duzer by Mary Gene McCall Middleton.
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  1. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
  2. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  3. Martine, Roddy, Roderick Martine and Don Pottinger. Scottish Clan and Family Names Their Arms, Origins and Tartans. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1992. Print.
  4. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  5. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry Including American Families with British Ancestry 2 Volumes. London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  6. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  7. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. Acts of Malcom IV 1153-65 Volume I Regesta Regum Scottorum 1153-1424. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1960. Print.
  8. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  9. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  10. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  11. ...

The Merchant Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Merchant Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 2 March 2016 at 13:23.

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