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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Origins Available: French, Scottish

Where did the Scottish Merchant family come from? What is the Scottish Merchant family crest and coat of arms? When did the Merchant family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Merchant family history?

The surname Merchant was an occupational name for a merchant having derived from the Old French, Middle English word "marchant," which in turn came from the Late Latin "mercatans."

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Spelling variations of this family name include: Merchant, Merchand, Marchand, Mercator and others.

First found in Buckinghamshire, where they held a family seat from early times and granted lands by King William for their assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D. They were originally from Normandy being tradesmen for Le Merchant. By 1180 they had been granted lands north of the border in Scotland when Rudolph Mercater held lands in Dunfermline.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Merchant research. Another 133 words(10 lines of text) covering the years 1298 and 1676 are included under the topic Early Merchant History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 39 words(3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Merchant Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Merchant Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Jeffrey Merchant settled in Virginia in 1637
  • Jeffry Merchant, who arrived in Virginia in 1637
  • Jeffery Merchant, who landed in Virginia in 1637
  • John Merchant, who arrived in Braintree, Massachusetts in 1638
  • William Merchant, who arrived in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1641


Merchant Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Richard Merchant, who landed in Virginia in 1706
  • Maria Katherina Merchant, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1731

Merchant Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Henry Merchant, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840
  • Francis Hyatt Merchant, who arrived in Texas in 1850-1906

Merchant Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • James Merchant arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Samuel Boddington" in 1851

Merchant Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • Elijah Merchant, aged 25, a labourer, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Chile" in 1874
  • Martha Merchant, aged 26, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Chile" in 1874
  • Frederick Merchant, aged 1, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Chile" in 1874

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  • Natalie Merchant (b. 1963), American singer and songwriter
  • Livingston Tallmadge Merchant (1903-1976), American diplomat, who twice served as United States Ambassador to Canada
  • Vivian Merchant (1929-1982), English actress
  • William Moelwyn Merchant (1913-1997), Welsh academic, novelist, sculptor, poet and Anglican priest


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  • Preliminary Record of Gurdon Merchant and his Wife Hannah Van Duzer by Mary Gene McCall Middleton.
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  1. Adam, Frank. Clans Septs and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands 8th Edition. London: Bacon (G.W.) & Co, 1970. Print. (ISBN 10-0717945006).
  2. Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
  3. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  4. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Socts Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Modern Application of the Art of Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  5. Fulton, Alexander. Scotland and Her Tartans: The Romantic Heritage of the Scottish Clans and Families. Godalming: Bramley, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-86283-880-0).
  6. Donaldson, Gordon and Robert S. Morpeth. Who's Who In Scotish History. Wales: Welsh Academic Press, 1996. Print. (ISBN 186057-0054).
  7. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  8. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  9. Fairbairn,. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  10. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  11. ...

The Merchant Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Merchant Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 27 November 2014 at 19:46.

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