, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Melluish. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Melluish family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames
were adopted in medieval England
is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Melluish is a local
type of surname and the Melluish family lived in Melhuish in Devon
. The surname Melluish is a habitation
name that was originally derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. The surname originated as a means of identifying individuals from a particular area. In the Middle Ages people often assumed the name of the place that they originally lived as their surname during the course of travel.
Early Origins of the Melluish family
The surname Melluish was first found in Devon
where they held a family seat
from ancient times as Lords of the Manor of Melhuish in that shire, some say, well before the Norman Conquest
in 1066 A.D. The original name of the village was Melewis. Conjecturally the family name is descended from Hugh of Rennes, holder of the village of Melhuish from Baldwin, Sheriff of Devon
at the time of the taking of the Domesday Book
Survey in 1086 A.D.
Early History of the Melluish family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Melluish research.Another 69 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1350, 1527, 1643, 1554, 1555, 1554, 1555, 1557 and 1558 are included under the topic Early Melluish History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Melluish Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Melhuish, Melhuiss, Mellhuish, Mellhuiss and others.
Early Notables of the Melluish family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was John Melhuish, an English merchant and politician, Member of Parliament for Truro, Cornwall
(1554 to 1555.) In 1554 Melhuish abandoned Parliament without a licence and evaded summons to the King's Bench. For three years... Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Melluish Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Melluish family to the New World and Oceana
An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Melluish or a variant listed above:
Melluish Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Edward Melluish, aged 30, who settled in America from London, in 1903
Contemporary Notables of the name Melluish (post 1700)
- Gordon Melluish (1906-1977), English cricketer who played four matches for Essex in 1926
- Mike Melluish (1932-2014), British first-class cricketer and cricket administrator in England