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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Scotland's western coastal mountains and the desolate Hebrides
spawned the line of the McMillan family. The name McMillan was originally a nickname
for a bald person
; the name may refer to a member of a religious order. The Gaelic forms of the name are Mac Mhaolain
or Mac Ghille Mhaoil,
both of which mean son of the bald or tonsured one.
However, the origins of the Clan have been shrouded in uncertainty, largely as a result of historians of the Clan Buchanan, and their insistence that both Clans have a common ancestry. Buchanan of Auchmar says that the MacMillans are descended from Methlan, second son of Anselan, a Buchanan Chief of the thirteenth century. His theory supports the Buchanan claim that the MacMillans are but a sept (sub-Clan) of the Buchanan rather than a Clan in their own right. This theory is supported by the contention that both Clans have an ecclesiastical origin: MacMillan being Anglicized from Maolanach, meaning a 'priest.' However, tradition may more properly ascribe the origin from a particular tribe in Moray that has descended from the ancient Pictish tribe of Kanteai, thought to have existed in the first half of the second century AD.
The surname McMillan was first found in at Tayside, where in 1263 Cilleonan MacMolan appears on documents. They arrived in Strathtay from the lands in Loch Arkaig after King Malcolm IV transplanted many Clans, including the MacMillans, from that region about 1160 AD. Later, about 1350, the Camerons, who had changed their name to Chalmers, drove them from their Strathtay territories.
In vacating the Strathtay, the Clan branched to many other areas, including Lochaber, Argyll and Galloway. The senior branch, however, were the MacMillans of Knapdale, and they held a grant from the Lord of the Isles inscribed in Latin on a rock at Knap: 'MacMillan's right to Knap shall be, as long as this rock withstands the sea.'
Malcolm Mor MacMillan had received this rock by the 14th century. His grandson Lachlan MacMillan died at the Battle of Harlaw in 1411. Lachlan's son, Alan MacMillan of Knap, married the McNeill heiress and took over the Castle Sween. He erected a cross, which still stands to this day in Kilmory churchyard. The cross stands better than twelve feet high and is elaborately engraved, showing a Highland Chief hunting a deer on one side, and a claymore surmounted by certain Clan members on the other.
Spelling and translation were not standardized practices until the last few centuries. Spelling variations are extremely common among early Scottish names. McMillan has been spelled MacMillan, MacMullan, MacMullen, McMullen, McMullin, McMullan, McMillan, MacMullin and many more.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our McMillan research. Another 466 words (33 lines of text) covering the years 1775, 1790, and 1897 are included under the topic Early McMillan History in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
More information is included under the topic Early McMillan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Some of the McMillan family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 136 words (10 lines of text) about their life in Ireland
is included in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Settlers from Scotland
put down roots in communities all along the east coast of North Ameri ca.
Some moved north from the American colonies to Canada as United Empire Loyalists during the American War of Independence
. As Clan
societies and highland games started in North America in the 20th century many Scots rediscovered parts of their heritage. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name McMillan were among those contributors:
McMillan Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- John McMillan was banished from the west country of England and arrived in New England in 1685
- Duncan McMillan, who landed in New Jersey in 1685
McMillan Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Henry McMillan, who arrived in Maryland in 1714
- Malcolm McMillan, who arrived in Wilmington, North Carolina in 1774
- Margaret McMillan, aged 25, arrived in New York in 1774
- Iver McMillan, aged 26, landed in Wilmington, North Carolina in 1774
- Archibald McMillan, who landed in Wilmington, North Carolina in 1774
McMillan Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Samuel McMillan, who arrived in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1805
- Sarah McMillan, who landed in America in 1805
- David McMillan, who landed in America in 1808
- Hector McMillan, who landed in America in 1810
- Malcom McMillan, aged 60, landed in North Carolina in 1812
McMillan Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Lieut. McMillan U.E. who settled in Saint Johns, New Brunswick c. 1784 he served in DeLancey's 1st Battalion
- Private. Donald McMillan U.E., (McMullin) (b. 1752) born in Inverness, Scotland from New York, USA who settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario c. 1784 married to Catherine having 9 children, he died in 1816
- Mr. Dougald McMillan U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784
- Mrs. Isabella McMillan U.E. who settled in Marlborough [Ottawa], Ontario c. 1784
- Mr. James McMillan U.E. who settled in St. Stephen, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1784
McMillan Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Angus McMillan, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1801
- Donald McMillan, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1801
- Isobel McMillan, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1801
- Jean McMillan, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1801
- Marian McMillan, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1801
McMillan Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Michael McMillan, Scottish convict from Edinburgh, who was transported aboard the "Agamemnon" on April 22, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia
- John McMillan, Scottish convict from Glasgow, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
- Agnes McMillan, Scottish convict from Ayr, who was transported aboard the "Amphitrite" on August 21, 1833, settling in New South Wales, Australia
- Margaret McMillan arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Bute" in 1839
- Charles McMillan, aged 24, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Amazon"
McMillan Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Finlay McMillan, aged 21, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
- Ann McMillan, aged 19, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
- Elizabeth McMillan arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "New Era" in 1855
- Archibald McMillan arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ellen Lewis" in 1860
- Angus McMillan arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ellen Lewis" in 1860
- William George "Will" McMillan (1944-2015), American actor, producer, and director, known for his work on The Crazies (1973), Salvador (1986) and The Enforcer (1976)
- William L. McMillan (1936-1984), American physicist
- William Willard McMillan (1929-2000), American seven-time gold and eight-time silver medalist sports shooter
- William McMillan (1777-1832), American academic, 4th President of Jefferson College (1817-1822), President of Franklin College (1825-1832)
- William McMillan (1764-1804), American Delegate to the United States Congress from the Northwest Territory (1800-1801)
- Thomas Law "Tommy" McMillan (1888-1966), American Major League Baseball outfielder and shortstop who played from 1908 through 1912
- David McMillan (1981-2013), American NFL and CFL football defensive end
- James McMillan (1838-1902), Canadian-born, American politician, U.S. Senator from Michigan
- Robert Sensman McMillan (1916-2001), American architect and one of the founders of The Architects Collaborative
- Herbert H. McMillan (b. 1958), American politician
- Mr. Ira Clark McMillan (1909-1917), Canadian resident from New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
- Mrs. Eva McMillan, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
- Mrs. Mary E. McMillan (1877-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
- Mr. Charles E. McMillan (1890-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
- Master James McMillan (1915-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
- Begats, a Chronicle of the McMillan, Preston, Wiggins, and Binford Families by Mabel E. Preston Wiggins.
- MacGhillemhaoil: an Account of my Family W. Duncan MacMillan.
- Record of McMillan and Allied Families by Robert H. McMillan.
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto. Motto:
Miseris succurrere discoMotto Translation:
I learn to succour the distressed.
- Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
- Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry Including American Families with British Ancestry 2 Volumes. London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
- Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
- Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
- Urquhart, Blair Edition. Tartans The New Compact Study Guide and Identifier. Secauccus, NJ: Chartwell Books, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0-7858-0050-6).
- Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
- Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
- Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Glasgow: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
- Bain, Robert. The Clans and Tartans of Scotland. Glasgow & London: Collins, 1968. Print. (ISBN 000411117-6).
- Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
The McMillan Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The McMillan Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 10 June 2016 at 00:40.
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