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The Anglo- Norman Conquest of Ireland lead by Strongbow introduced the first non-Gaelic elements into Irish nomenclature. These Anglo- Normans brought some traditions to Ireland that were not readily found within Gaelic system of hereditary surnames. One of the best examples of this is the local surname. Local surnames, such as McLenaghan, were taken from the name of a place or a geographical feature where the person lived, held land, or was born. These surnames were very common in England, but were almost non-existent within Ireland previous to the conquest. Originally, these place names were prefixed by "de," which means "from" in French. This type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname, if the place name began with a vowel, or was eliminated entirely. The McLenaghan family originally lived in the settlement of Llanaghan, which is in the Welsh county of Brecon.

McLenaghan Early Origins



The surname McLenaghan was first found in County Roscommon (Irish: Ros Comáin) located in central Ireland in the province of Connacht, where they were granted lands by Strongbow after his invasion of Ireland in 1172.

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McLenaghan Spelling Variations


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McLenaghan Spelling Variations



Church officials and medieval scribes often spelled early surnames as they sounded. This practice often resulted in many spelling variations of even a single name. Early versions of the name McLenaghan included: Lanigan, Lanahan, Lenaghan, Lanaghan, Linehan and many more.

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McLenaghan Early History


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McLenaghan Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our McLenaghan research. Another 305 words (22 lines of text) covering the year 1249 is included under the topic Early McLenaghan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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McLenaghan Early Notables (pre 1700)


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McLenaghan Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early McLenaghan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Ireland went through one of the most devastating periods in its history with the arrival of the Great Potato Famine of the 1840s. Many also lost their lives from typhus, fever and dysentery. And poverty was the general rule as tenant farmers were often evicted because they could not pay the high rents. Emigration to North America gave hundreds of families a chance at a life where work, freedom, and land ownership were all possible. For those who made the long journey, it meant hope and survival. The Irish emigration to British North America and the United States opened up the gates of industry, commerce, education and the arts. Early immigration and passenger lists have shown many Irish people bearing the name McLenaghan:

McLenaghan Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • James McLenaghan, aged 20, who emigrated to the United States, in 1892
  • Mary McLenaghan, aged 19, who settled in America, in 1895
  • Sarah McLenaghan, aged 20, who settled in America, in 1896

McLenaghan Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Isaiah McLenaghan, aged 38, who landed in America from Derry, in 1904
  • Annie McLenaghan, aged 26, who emigrated to the United States from Derry, Ireland, in 1907
  • Andrew McLenaghan, aged 18, who settled in America from Mosside, Ireland, in 1911
  • Robert McLenaghan, aged 41, who emigrated to the United States from Lemarady, Ireland, in 1913
  • James McLenaghan, aged 19, who landed in America from Newton, Hamilton, Ireland, in 1914
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

McLenaghan Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century

  • Nathaniel McLenaghan, aged 71, who emigrated to Perth, Ontario, in 1912

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Contemporary Notables of the name McLenaghan (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name McLenaghan (post 1700)



  • R.G. McLenaghan, American mathematician, co-creator of Carminati–McLenaghan invariants
  • Nathaniel McLenaghan (b. 1845), Canadian merchant and political figure in Ontario

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Patriae infelici fidelis
Motto Translation: Faithful to an unhappy country.


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McLenaghan Family Crest Products


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McLenaghan Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. MacLysaght, Edward. The Surnames of Ireland 3rd Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1978. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2278-0).
    2. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
    3. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
    4. Donovan, George Francis. The Pre-Revolutionary Irish in Massachusetts 1620-1775. Menasha, WI: Geroge Banta Publsihing Co., 1932. Print.
    5. Grehan, Ida. Dictionary of Irish Family Names. Boulder: Roberts Rinehart, 1997. Print. (ISBN 1-57098-137-X).
    6. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
    7. Somerset Fry, Peter and Fiona Somerset Fry. A History of Ireland. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1993. Print. (ISBN 1-56619-215-3).
    8. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
    9. Vicars, Sir Arthur. Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland 1536-1810. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    10. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    11. ...

    The McLenaghan Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The McLenaghan Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 18 April 2014 at 13:20.

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