The Anglo- Norman Conquest
lead by Strongbow
introduced the first non-Gaelic elements into Irish nomenclature. These Anglo- Normans
brought some traditions to Ireland
that were not readily found within Gaelic system of hereditary surnames
. One of the best examples of this is the local
surnames, such as McLenaghan, were taken from the name of a place or a geographical feature where the person lived, held land, or was born. These surnames were very common in England
, but were almost non-existent within Ireland
previous to the conquest. Originally, these place names were prefixed by "de," which means "from" in French. This type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname, if the place name began with a vowel, or was eliminated entirely. The McLenaghan family originally lived in the settlement of Llanaghan, which is in the Welsh
county of Brecon.
Early Origins of the McLenaghan family
The surname McLenaghan was first found in County Roscommon
(Irish: Ros Comáin) located in central Ireland
in the province of Connacht
, where they were granted lands by Strongbow
after his invasion of Ireland
Early History of the McLenaghan family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our McLenaghan research.Another 305 words (22 lines of text) covering the year 1249 is included under the topic Early McLenaghan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
McLenaghan Spelling Variations
Church officials and medieval scribes often spelled early surnames as they sounded. This practice often resulted in many spelling variations
of even a single name. Early versions of the name McLenaghan included: Lanigan, Lanahan, Lenaghan, Lanaghan, Linehan and many more.
Early Notables of the McLenaghan family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early McLenaghan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the McLenaghan family to the New World and Oceana
went through one of the most devastating periods in its history with the arrival of the Great Potato Famine
of the 1840s. Many also lost their lives from typhus, fever and dysentery. And poverty was the general rule as tenant
farmers were often evicted because they could not pay the high rents. Emigration to North America gave hundreds of families a chance at a life where work, freedom, and land ownership were all possible. For those who made the long journey, it meant hope and survival. The Irish emigration to British North America and the United States opened up the gates of industry, commerce, education and the arts. Early immigration and passenger lists have shown many Irish people bearing the name McLenaghan:
McLenaghan Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- James McLenaghan, aged 20, who emigrated to the United States, in 1892
- Mary McLenaghan, aged 19, who settled in America, in 1895
- Sarah McLenaghan, aged 20, who settled in America, in 1896
McLenaghan Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Isaiah McLenaghan, aged 38, who landed in America from Derry, in 1904
- Annie McLenaghan, aged 26, who emigrated to the United States from Derry, Ireland, in 1907
- Andrew McLenaghan, aged 18, who settled in America from Mosside, Ireland, in 1911
- Robert McLenaghan, aged 41, who emigrated to the United States from Lemarady, Ireland, in 1913
- James McLenaghan, aged 19, who landed in America from Newton, Hamilton, Ireland, in 1914
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
McLenaghan Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
- Nathaniel McLenaghan, aged 71, who emigrated to Perth, Ontario, in 1912
Contemporary Notables of the name McLenaghan (post 1700)
- R.G. McLenaghan, American mathematician, co-creator of Carminati–McLenaghan invariants
- Nathaniel McLenaghan (b. 1845), Canadian merchant and political figure in Ontario
The McLenaghan Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Patriae infelici fidelis
Motto Translation: Faithful to an unhappy country.