Throughout history, very few Irish surnames have exclusively maintained their original forms. Before being translated into English, McCana appeared as Mac Cana, which is derived from the word cana, which means wolf cub.
Early Origins of the McCana family
The surname McCana was first found in County Armagh
(Irish: Ard Mhacha) located in the province of Ulster
in present day Northern Ireland
, at Clanbrasil, a region on the southern shore of Lough Neagh. The family supplanted the O'Graveys at the time of Strongbow's Anglo- Norman invasion
in 1172 as lords of this area and became known as the Lords of Clanbrassil. One of the earliest records of the name was Amhlaibh Mc Canna (died 1155), described by the Four Masters as "pillar of chivalry and vigour of Cinel Eoghin" CITATION[CLOSE]
MacLysaght, Edward, Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7)
Early History of the McCana family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our McCana research.Another 75 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1155, 1718 and 1598 are included under the topic Early McCana History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
McCana Spelling Variations
A name was often recorded during the Middle Ages under several different spelling variations
during the life of its bearer because literacy was rare there was no real push to clearly define any of the languages found in the British Isles at that time. Variations found of the name McCana include MacCann, MacCanna, MacCan, MacAnn, MacAn and others.
Early Notables of the McCana family (pre 1700)
Another 45 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early McCana Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the McCana family to the New World and Oceana
Death and immigration greatly reduced Ireland's population in the 19th century. For the native Irish people poverty, hunger, and racial prejudice was common. Therefore, thousands left their homeland to seek opportunity in North America. Those who survived the journey and the quarantine camps to which they arrived, were instrumental towards building the strong developing nations of the United States and the future Canada. By far, the largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine
during the late 1840s. These were employed as construction or factory workers. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has shown early immigrants bearing the name McCana: Arthur, Bernard, Charles, Edward, Francis, Henry, Hugh, James, John, Mary, Michael, Owen, Patrick, Peter, Roger, Thomas and William MacCann, who all arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860.
The McCana Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Crescit sub pondere virtus
Motto Translation: Virtue thrives under oppression.