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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the English Maughan family come from? What is the English Maughan family crest and coat of arms? When did the Maughan family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Maughan family history?

The Maughan history begins in Cornwall, a rugged coastal region in southwestern England. Quite distinct from Devon, the adjoining county, Cornwall had its own spoken language until the late 18th century. The Maughan history began here. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames were derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic names, the Cornish predominantly used local surnames. The Maughan family originally lived in the village of Mawgan in Cornwall. The surname Maughan is a habitation name that was originally derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. The surname originated as a means of identifying individuals from a particular area. In the Middle Ages people often assumed the name of the place that they originally lived as their surname during the course of travel.


Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Maugham, Maughan, Mawgam and others.

First found in Cornwall at St. Mawgan in Pydar or Mawgan. St. Mawgan claims its name from Mawgan, a Brythonic saint who flourished in the 5th or 6th century. Little is known about the saint and many believe that the saint is one in the same as Meugan who was listed as a saint about the same time in Wales. As far as the place name is concerned, the earliest record of the place was as "Sanctus Mawan" in the Domesday Book of 1086. [1] St Mawgan Monastery was an ancient monastery located here and was known to have been well established by the time of the Conquest. Mawgan-in-Meneage is a civil parish also found in Cornwall.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Maughan research. Another 129 words(9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Maughan History in all our PDF Extended History products.


More information is included under the topic Early Maughan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Discovered in the immigration and passenger lists were a number of people bearing the name Maughan:

Maughan Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Daniel, George, Peter, and William Maughan who all arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860
  • Bridget Maughan, aged 53, who settled in America, in 1895
  • Annie Maughan, aged 18, who landed in America, in 1896

Maughan Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Edward Maughan, aged 36, who emigrated to America from Ballyhenan, Ireland, in 1906
  • J.M. Maughan, who settled in America, in 1907
  • Barbara Maughan, aged 16, who emigrated to the United States from Choppington, England, in 1910
  • Cuthbert Maughan, aged 34, who emigrated to the United States from London, England, in 1918
  • Harold L. Maughan, aged 27, who landed in America, in 1918

Maughan Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Pat. Maughan, aged 22, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Ascendant"
  • Anne Maughan, aged 25, a servant, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "South Sea"


  • Ariel Leishman Maughan (1923-1997), American professional basketball player
  • Arthur "Bucky" Maughan, American wrestler, member of the National Wrestling Hall of Fame
  • Peter Maughan (1811-1871), American early Mormon pioneer in Utah
  • Rex G. Maughan, American founder, president, and CEO of Forever Living Products
  • Russell Lowell Maughan (1893-1958), American pioneer aviator and U.S. military pilot
  • Marian "Susan" Maughan (b. 1938), English singer
  • William John Ryott Maughan (1863-1933), English-born Australian politician
  • Sharon Patricia Maughan (b. 1950), English actress, known for her work on Holby City (1999), The Bank Job (2008) and She's Out of My League (2010)
  • Mandell Rosemarie Maughan, English actress, known for her work on Midnight Movie (2008), Prison Break: Proof of Innocence (2006) and Save the Supers (2012)
  • Sir Deryck C. Maughan (b. 1947), British businessman and philanthropist



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  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
  2. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  3. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  4. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
  5. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  6. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  7. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  8. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  9. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  10. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  11. ...

The Maughan Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Maughan Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 24 October 2014 at 08:57.

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