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The French duchy of Gascogne was the home of the family who first used the name Martinaux. The surname was derived from the patron saint Saint Martinus, a Bishop of Tours and Evangelist of la Gaule who was very popular in the Middle Ages.

Martinaux Early Origins



The surname Martinaux was first found in Gascony (French: Gascogne), an area of southwest France bordering Spain, that was part of the "Province of Guyenne and Gascony" prior to the French Revolution, where the family has held a family seat from ancient times.

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Martinaux Spelling Variations


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Martinaux Spelling Variations



Throughout the course of history most surnames have undergone changes for many reasons. During the early development of the French language, a son and father may not have chosen to spell their name the same way. Many are simple spelling changes by a person who gave his name, phonetically, to a scribe, priest, or recorder. Many names held prefixes or suffixes which became optional as they passed through the centuries, or were adopted by different branches to signify either a political or religious adherence. Hence, we have many spelling variations of this name, Martinaux some of which are Martin, Martine, Lamartine, Martinat, Martinaud, Martinault, Martinot, Martineau, Martinet, Martiné, Martinon, Martinesque, Martet, Marthet, Marté, Martaud, Martault, Martot, Marti, Marty, Martinenche, Martiena, Martirena, Martens, Mertens, Saint-Martin and many more.

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Martinaux Early History


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Martinaux Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Martinaux research. Another 971 words (69 lines of text) covering the years 1345, 1370, 1445, 1500, 1550, 1560, 1605, 1673, 1676, 1689, 1710, 1717, 1742, 1743, 1755, 1789, 1800, 1803, 1810, 1818, and 1820 are included under the topic Early Martinaux History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Martinaux Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Martinaux Early Notables (pre 1700)



Notable amongst the family at this time was François Martin (1634-1706), the first Governor General of Pondicherry, Commissioner of French India (1681-1693), Governor-General of French India (1699-1706); Charles-Amador Martin, (1648-1711), Canadian clergyman, the second Canadian to be ordained a priest; Jean-Baptiste Martin, an officer and...

Another 44 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Martinaux Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Approximately 110 years after the first landings by Cartier, there were only about 300 people in Quebe c. France gave land incentives for 2,000 migrants during the next decade. Early marriage was desperately encouraged amongst the immigrants. The fur trade attracted migrants, both noble and commoner. 15,000 explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and 18th centuries. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. Migration to New France (Quebec) continued from France until it fell in 1759. In the year 1675 the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England and were deported to Louisiana. The French founded Lower Canada, thus becoming one of the two great founding nations of Canada. The distinguished family name Martinaux has made significant contributions to the culture, arts, sciences and religion of France and New France. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Martinaux were Christopher Martin, who settled in Plymouth in 1620; Giles Martin, aged 23; who arrived in New England in 1623; Simon Martin, who immigrated to St Christopher in 1633.

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Martinaux Family Crest Products


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Martinaux Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    2. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
    3. de la Porte, A. Tresor Heraldique. Paris: F. Casterman, 1864. Print.
    4. D'Hozier Charles. Armorial Général de France. Paris: Dillon, 1875. Print.
    5. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    6. Doyle, William. The Oxford History of the French Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0192852213).
    7. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
    8. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
    9. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
    10. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    11. ...

    The Martinaux Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Martinaux Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 13 November 2013 at 14:04.

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