The French duchy of Gascogne
was the home of the family who first used the name Marteau. The surname was derived from the patron saint Saint Martinus, a Bishop of Tours and Evangelist of la Gaule who was very popular in the Middle Ages.
Early Origins of the Marteau family
The surname Marteau was first found in Gascony (French: Gascogne), an area of southwest France bordering Spain
, that was part of the "Province of Guyenne and Gascony" prior to the French Revolution, where the family has held a family seat
from ancient times.
Early History of the Marteau family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marteau research.Another 971 words (69 lines of text) covering the years 1345, 1370, 1445, 1500, 1550, 1560, 1605, 1673, 1676, 1689, 1710, 1717, 1742, 1743, 1755, 1789, 1800, 1803, 1810, 1818, and 1820 are included under the topic Early Marteau History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Marteau Spelling Variations
Most surnames have experienced slight spelling changes. A son may not chose to spell his name the same way that his father did. Many were errors, many deliberate. During the early development of the French language, a person usually gave his version, phonetically, to a scribe, a priest, or a recorder. Prefixes or suffixes varied. They were optional as they passed through the centuries, or were adopted by different branches to signify either a political or religious adherence. Hence, there a many spelling variations
of the name Marteau, including Martin, Martine, Lamartine, Martinat, Martinaud, Martinault, Martinot, Martineau, Martinet, Martiné, Martinon, Martinesque, Martet, Marthet, Marté, Martaud, Martault, Martot, Marti, Marty, Martinenche, Martiena, Martirena, Martens, Mertens, Saint-Martin and many more.
Early Notables of the Marteau family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was François Martin (1634-1706), the first Governor General of Pondicherry, Commissioner of French India (1681-1693), Governor-General of French India (1699-1706); Charles-Amador Martin, (1648-1711), Canadian clergyman, the second Canadian to be ordained a priest; Jean-Baptiste Martin, an officer and... Another 44 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marteau Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Marteau family to the New World and Oceana
France was active as a cultural leader in the early 16th century. One particular area in which they lead was the exploration of the New World. The explorers, like Jacques Cartier in 1534, led the way to North America. Champlain, in 1608, made the first of twenty voyages to France to attract settlers and brought the first migrant in 1617. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec, and the French Acadian presence in the Maritimes had reached 500. The French founded Lower Canada, thus becoming one of the two great founding nations of Canada. The family name Marteau has made many distinguished contributions in France and New France to the world of science, culture, religion, and education. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Marteau were
Marteau Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Philippe Marteau, aged 27, who landed in Louisiana in 1719 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Contemporary Notables of the name Marteau (post 1700)
- Kimberly K. Marteau, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 2000, 2008 CITATION[CLOSE]
The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 4) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
- Major-General André Marteau (1889-1990), French General Officer Commanding 7th Light Mechanized Division (1940) CITATION[CLOSE]
Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 17) André Marteau. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Marteau/Andr%C3%A9/France.html