The French duchy of Gascogne
was the home of the family who first used the name Martau. The surname was derived from the patron saint Saint Martinus, a Bishop of Tours and Evangelist of la Gaule who was very popular in the Middle Ages.
Early Origins of the Martau family
The surname Martau was first found in Gascony (French: Gascogne), an area of southwest France bordering Spain
, that was part of the "Province of Guyenne and Gascony" prior to the French Revolution, where the family has held a family seat
from ancient times.
Early History of the Martau family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Martau research.Another 971 words (69 lines of text) covering the years 1345, 1370, 1445, 1500, 1550, 1560, 1605, 1673, 1676, 1689, 1710, 1717, 1742, 1743, 1755, 1789, 1800, 1803, 1810, 1818, and 1820 are included under the topic Early Martau History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Martau Spelling Variations
Most surnames have experienced slight spelling changes. A son may not chose to spell his name the same way that his father did. Many were errors, many deliberate. During the early development of the French language, a person usually gave his version, phonetically, to a scribe, a priest, or a recorder. Prefixes or suffixes varied. They were optional as they passed through the centuries, or were adopted by different branches to signify either a political or religious adherence. Hence, there a many spelling variations
of the name Martau, including Martin, Martine, Lamartine, Martinat, Martinaud, Martinault, Martinot, Martineau, Martinet, Martiné, Martinon, Martinesque, Martet, Marthet, Marté, Martaud, Martault, Martot, Marti, Marty, Martinenche, Martiena, Martirena, Martens, Mertens, Saint-Martin and many more.
Early Notables of the Martau family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was François Martin (1634-1706), the first Governor General of Pondicherry, Commissioner of French India (1681-1693), Governor-General of French India (1699-1706); Charles-Amador Martin, (1648-1711), Canadian clergyman, the second Canadian to be ordained a priest; Jean-Baptiste Martin, an officer and... Another 44 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Martau Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Martau family to the New World and Oceana
France was active as a cultural leader in the early 16th century. One particular area in which they lead was the exploration of the New World. The explorers, like Jacques Cartier in 1534, led the way to North America. Champlain, in 1608, made the first of twenty voyages to France to attract settlers and brought the first migrant in 1617. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec, and the French Acadian presence in the Maritimes had reached 500. The French founded Lower Canada, thus becoming one of the two great founding nations of Canada. The family name Martau has made many distinguished contributions in France and New France to the world of science, culture, religion, and education. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Martau were Christopher Martin, who settled in Plymouth in 1620; Giles Martin, aged 23; who arrived in New England
in 1623; Simon Martin, who immigrated to St Christopher in 1633.