Longman History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of England produced the name of Longman. It was given to a long and tall person. [1] A broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, nickname surnames referred to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favored style of clothing, appearance, habits, or character.

Early Origins of the Longman family

The surname Longman was first found in Worcestershire where one of the first records of the name was Alice Longemon who was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of that shire in 1275. A few years later Agnes Langeman was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1279 in Berkshire. [2]

Early History of the Longman family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Longman research. Another 73 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Longman History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Longman Spelling Variations

One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations under which the name Longman has appeared include Longman, Longmane and others.

Early Notables of the Longman family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Longman Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Longman migration to the United States +

At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Longman arrived in North America very early:

Longman Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Peter Longman, who settled in Virginia in 1623
  • Peter Longman, who landed in Virginia in 1623 [3]
  • William Longman, who arrived in Virginia in 1658 [3]
  • An Longman, who arrived in Virginia in 1665 [3]
  • Antho Longman, who landed in Virginia in 1665 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Longman Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Robert Longman, who arrived in New York, NY in 1815 [3]

Australia Longman migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Longman Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Samuel Longman, British Convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 14 years for coining, transported aboard the "Caledonia" on 5th July 1820, arriving in Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land) [4]
  • Mr. Joseph Longman, English convict who was convicted in Southampton, Hampshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Claudine" on 19th August 1829, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [5]

New Zealand Longman migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Longman Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. ElizaLongman, British settler travelling from Gravesend, UK aboard the ship "Duke of Portland" arriving in New Plymouth, North Island, New Zealand in 1855 [6]
  • Mr. RichardLongman, British settler travelling from Gravesend, UK aboard the ship "Duke of Portland" arriving in New Plymouth, North Island, New Zealand in 1855 [6]
  • Thomas Longman, aged 20, a boat builder, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Adelaide" in 1858 [7]
  • Martha Longman, aged 23, a housemaid, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Siberia" in 1870
  • Miss Martha Longman, (b. 1846), aged 23, English housemaid, from Middlesex travelling from London aboard the ship "Siberia" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st February 1870 [8]

West Indies Longman migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [9]
Longman Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • William and Elizabeth Longman, who settled in Barbados in 1672

Contemporary Notables of the name Longman (post 1700) +

  • Phillip Longman (b. 1956), American demographer
  • Frank Chandler "Shorty" Longman (1882-1928), American college football player and coach
  • Evelyn Beatrice Longman (1874-1954), American woman sculptor
  • George Henry Longman (1852-1938), English cricketer
  • Thomas Longman (1699-1755), founder of Longman, an English publishing company
  • Richard Longman, British racing driver and renowned motorsport preparation expert
  • Irene Maud Longman (1877-1964), first woman to be elected to the Queensland Parliament, Australia

HMS Repulse
  • Mr. B J Longman, British Lieutenant "A", who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [10]


  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/caledonia
  5. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 18th February 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/claudine
  6. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  7. ^ Shadow Time Settlers (Retrieved 5th November 2010), retrieved from http://shadowsoftime.co.nz/settlers.html
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  9. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  10. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html


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