Longford History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Early Origins of the Longford family
The surname Longford was first found in Derbyshire at Longford, a village that dates back to 1197 when it was recorded as Langeford. As the name literally means "long ford,"  there are other villages and parishes throughout Britain including Gloucestershire, Coventry and Shropshire. Longford Castle is located on the banks of the River Avon south of Salisbury, Wiltshire. This huge well-kept castle was originally owned by the Cervingtons and is currently the seat of William Pleydell-Bouverie, 9th Earl of Radnor, but is open to the public at selected times. Longford (Irish: an Longfort) is also a county town in County Longford, Ireland. In this latter case, County Longford is an Anglicization of an Irish Longfort, derived from "long" (meaning "ship") and "port" (meaning "port" or "dock".) County Longford was traditionally known as Annaly (Irish: Anghaile,) Tethbae or Teffia (Irish: Teabhtha) and formed the territory of the Farrell clan.
Early History of the Longford family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Longford research. Another 163 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1486, 1510, 1600, 1153, 1537, 1455 and 1487 are included under the topic Early Longford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Longford Spelling Variations
Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Longford have been found, including Longford, Longforde, Longforth, Longforthe and others.
Early Notables of the Longford family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Longford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Longford family to Ireland
Some of the Longford family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 34 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Longford migration to the United States +
Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Longford, or a variant listed above:
Longford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- John Longford, who settled in Virginia in 1651
- John Longford, who landed in Virginia in 1651 
- Kath Longford, who settled in Virginia in 1678
- Michael Longford, who settled in Barbados in 1692
Longford Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Robert Longford, who arrived in Annapolis, Maryland in 1725
- Joseph Longford, who settled in North Carolina in 1736
- Elizabeth Longford, a bonded passenger who arrived to America in 1770
- John Longford, a bonded passenger who arrived in America in 1772
Longford migration to Australia +
Emigration to Australia
followed the First Fleets
of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
- George Longford, aged 23, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Hydaspes" in 1851 
- Richard Longford, aged 25, who arrived in South Australia in 1859 aboard the ship "David McIvor"
Contemporary Notables of the name Longford (post 1700) +
- Elizabeth Longford (1906-2002), British author, née Elizabeth Harman
- Joseph Henry Longford (1849-1925), British consular official in Japan (1869-1902) and Professor of Japanese at King's College London
- Raymond Longford (1878-1959), Australian film director, actor and screen-writer
- Joseph Longford Haycock (1850-1937), Canadian farmer and politician who represented Frontenac in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1894 to 1898
Related Stories +
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HYDASPES 1851. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1851Hydaspes.htm