The name Longeaux belongs to the early history of France, in that much fought over region of Normandy
. It is a product of the family's residency at Longueuil, in Normandy.
Early Origins of the Longeaux family
The surname Longeaux was first found in Normandy
(French: Normandie), the former Duchy of Normandy
, where the family established itself in early times.
One of the first records of the name was Guillaume Longue-Épée (c. 893-942), also known as William Longsword. He was the second ruler of Normandy, from 927 until his assassination in 942 when he was ambushed and killed by followers of Arnulf while at a peace conference to settle their differences. He was son of the Viking Rollo (c.846-930), the first ruler of Normandy.
Early History of the Longeaux family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Longeaux research.Another 70 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1463, 1470, and 1880 are included under the topic Early Longeaux History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Longeaux Spelling Variations
Throughout the course of history most surnames have undergone changes for many reasons. During the early development of the French language, a son and father may not have chosen to spell their name the same way. Many are simple spelling changes by a person who gave his name, phonetically, to a scribe, priest, or recorder. Many names held prefixes or suffixes which became optional as they passed through the centuries, or were adopted by different branches to signify either a political or religious adherence. Hence, we have many spelling variations
of this name, Longeaux some of which are Delong, DeLong, Delon, Long, Lelong, Longin, Longet, Longuet, Longuay, Longueuil, Longeau, Longueau, Longeaux, Longueaux, Longeaud, Longaud, Longeret, Longueret and many more.
Early Notables of the Longeaux family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family in this period was Richard Olivier de Longueuil, a French prelate, who was ordered by the pope to oversee the trial of Jeanne d'Arc, and... Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Longeaux Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Longeaux family to the New World and Oceana
French settlers came early to North American, following in the wake of the explorers, and creating New France. Quebec City, founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain is said to have been the first American site founded as a permanent settlement, rather than as just a commercial outpost. But emigration was slow, in 1643, 109 years after the first landings by Cartier, there were only about 300 French people in Quebec, and by 1663, when the region was officially made The Royal Colony of New France, by Louis XIV, there still only around 500 settlers. Over 2,000 would arrive during the next decade. Early marriage was desperately encouraged amongst the immigrants. Youths of 18 took fourteen-year-old girls for their wives. The fur trade was developed and attracted immigrants, both noble and commoner from France. By 1675, there were around 7000 French in the colony, and by that same year the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England
and were deported to Louisiana. Despite the loss of the Colony to England
, the French people flourished in Lower Canada. Among settlers to North America of the Longeaux surname were Jean Delon, who settled in Louisiana in 1720; M. de Longrais, who was living in Natchez, Louisiana in 1726; M. Delongrais, who settled in Louisiana in 1729.