The name Longeau belongs to the early history of France, in that much fought over region of Normandy
. It is a product of the family's residency at Longueuil, in Normandy.
Early Origins of the Longeau family
The surname Longeau was first found in Normandy
(French: Normandie), the former Duchy of Normandy
, where the family established itself in early times.
One of the first records of the name was Guillaume Longue-Épée (c. 893-942), also known as William Longsword. He was the second ruler of Normandy, from 927 until his assassination in 942 when he was ambushed and killed by followers of Arnulf while at a peace conference to settle their differences. He was son of the Viking Rollo (c.846-930), the first ruler of Normandy.
Early History of the Longeau family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Longeau research.Another 70 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1463, 1470, and 1880 are included under the topic Early Longeau History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Longeau Spelling Variations
French surnames were subject to numerous spelling alterations depending on the region and time it was used. The early development of the French language relied heavily on borrowing elements and grammar from other languages. For example, Old French was infused with Germanic words and sounds when barbarian tribes invaded and settled in France after the fall of the Roman Empire
. Middle French also borrowed heavily from the Italian language during the Renaissance
. As a result of these linguistic and cultural influences, the name Longeau is distinguished by a number of regional variations. The many spelling variations
of the name include Delong, DeLong, Delon, Long, Lelong, Longin, Longet, Longuet, Longuay, Longueuil, Longeau, Longueau, Longeaux, Longueaux, Longeaud, Longaud, Longeret, Longueret and many more.
Early Notables of the Longeau family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family in this period was Richard Olivier de Longueuil, a French prelate, who was ordered by the pope to oversee the trial of Jeanne d'Arc, and... Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Longeau Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Longeau family to the New World and Oceana
In 1643, 109 years after the first landings by Cartier, there were only about 300 people in Quebec. Migration was slow. The fur trade attracted migrants, both noble and commoner. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. By the same year the French Acadian presence in the Maritimes had reached 500. The French founded Lower Canada, thus becoming one of the two great founding nations of Canada. The family name Longeau has made many distinguished contributions in France and New France to the world of science, culture, religion, and education. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Longeau were Jean Delon, who settled in Louisiana in 1720; M. de Longrais, who was living in Natchez, Louisiana in 1726; M. Delongrais, who settled in Louisiana in 1729.
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