Lineham History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Anglo-Norman Conquest of Ireland lead by Strongbow introduced the first non-Gaelic elements into Irish nomenclature. These Anglo-Normans brought some traditions to Ireland that were not readily found within Gaelic system of hereditary surnames. One of the best examples of this is the local surname. Local surnames, such as Lineham, were taken from the name of a place or a geographical feature where the person lived, held land, or was born. These surnames were very common in England, but were almost non-existent within Ireland previous to the conquest. Originally, these place names were prefixed by "de," which means "from" in French. This type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname, if the place name began with a vowel, or was eliminated entirely. The Lineham family originally lived in the settlement of Llanaghan, which is in the Welsh county of Brecon.

Early Origins of the Lineham family

The surname Lineham was first found in County Roscommon (Irish: Ros Comáin) located in central Ireland in the province of Connacht, where they were granted lands by Strongbow after his invasion of Ireland in 1172.

Early History of the Lineham family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Lineham research. Another 85 words (6 lines of text) covering the year 1249 is included under the topic Early Lineham History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Lineham Spelling Variations

Medieval scribes and church officials spelled the names as they sounded, so a name was often spelled many different ways during the lifetime of a single person. The investigation of the origin of the name Lineham revealed many spelling variations including Lanigan, Lanahan, Lenaghan, Lanaghan, Linehan and many more.

Early Notables of the Lineham family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Lineham Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


Australia Lineham migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Lineham Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss Mary Lineham, (Oakes), (b. 1786), aged 32, Irish convict who was convicted in Cork, Ireland for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Elizabeth" on 26th July 1818, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [1]
  • Miss Mary Lineham, (b. 1807), aged 19, Irish nurse girl who was convicted in Cork, Ireland for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Brothers" on 3rd October 1826, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [2]
  • Mr. James Lineham, (b. 1804), aged 23, Irish farm servant who was convicted in Limerick, Ireland for life for house breaking, transported aboard the "Eliza" on 19th July 1827, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [3]

New Zealand Lineham migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Lineham Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Harry Lineham, aged 18, a farmer, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Adamant" in 1874 [4]
  • Bridget Lineham, aged 25, a servant, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Queen" in 1883 [5]

Contemporary Notables of the name Lineham (post 1700) +

  • Edwin Lineham (1879-1949), English cricketer
  • John Lineham (1857-1913), Canadian politician in Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories, MLA Calgary (1888-1894), MLA High River (1894-1898)
  • Tom Lineham (b. 1991), English professional rugby league player


The Lineham Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Patriae infelici fidelis
Motto Translation: Faithful to an unhappy country.


  1. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 3rd March 2022). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/elizabeth
  2. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 3rd November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/brothers
  3. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th February 2022). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/eliza
  4. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  5. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 12th November 2011). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html


Houseofnames.com on Facebook