The Anglo- Norman Conquest
lead by Strongbow
introduced the first non-Gaelic elements into Irish nomenclature. These Anglo- Normans
brought some traditions to Ireland
that were not readily found within Gaelic system of hereditary surnames
. One of the best examples of this is the local
surnames, such as Lineham, were taken from the name of a place or a geographical feature where the person lived, held land, or was born. These surnames were very common in England
, but were almost non-existent within Ireland
previous to the conquest. Originally, these place names were prefixed by "de," which means "from" in French. This type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname, if the place name began with a vowel, or was eliminated entirely. The Lineham family originally lived in the settlement of Llanaghan, which is in the Welsh
county of Brecon.
Early Origins of the Lineham family
The surname Lineham was first found in County Roscommon
(Irish: Ros Comáin) located in central Ireland
in the province of Connacht
, where they were granted lands by Strongbow
after his invasion of Ireland
Early History of the Lineham family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Lineham research.Another 305 words (22 lines of text) covering the year 1249 is included under the topic Early Lineham History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Lineham Spelling Variations
Medieval scribes and church officials spelled the names as they sounded, so a name was often spelled many different ways during the lifetime of a single person. The investigation of the origin of the name Lineham revealed many spelling variations
including Lanigan, Lanahan, Lenaghan, Lanaghan, Linehan and many more.
Early Notables of the Lineham family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Lineham Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Lineham family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Lineham Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Harry Lineham, aged 18, a farmer, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Adamant" in 1874
- Bridget Lineham, aged 25, a servant, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "British Queen" in 1883
Contemporary Notables of the name Lineham (post 1700)
- Edwin Lineham (1879-1949), English cricketer
- John Lineham (1857-1913), Canadian politician in Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories, MLA Calgary (1888-1894), MLA High River (1894-1898)
- Tom Lineham (b. 1991), English professional rugby league player
The Lineham Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Patriae infelici fidelis
Motto Translation: Faithful to an unhappy country.