lancaster History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

lancaster is one of the names that was brought to England in the wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The lancaster family lived in the city of Lancaster, in Lancashire.

Early Origins of the lancaster family

The surname lancaster was first found in Lancashire where they held a family seat as Constables of Lancaster Castle from very ancient times. One of the first records of the family was found in Litherland, one of the ancient manors of Aughton. "About the middle of the twelfth century it was granted to Warin de Lancaster, chief forester, by the serjeanty of keeping the lord's falcons." [1]

The chapelry of Milburn, Westmorland is also of significance to the family in early times. "The chapel, dedicated to St. Cuthbert, was founded by William de Lancaster, about 1355. Many vestiges of encampments are visible. Howgill Castle, formerly the seat of the knightly families of Lancaster and Sandford, and which, with Grange Hall and Lownthwaite, belongs to the Earl of Thanet, lord of the manor, occupies a commanding situation, half a mile east of the village; some of its walls are 10½ feet thick." [2]

Early History of the lancaster family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our lancaster research. Another 218 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1068, 1066, 1070, 1114, 1150, 1334, 1618, 1650 and 1717 are included under the topic Early lancaster History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

lancaster Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, Norman French and other languages became incorporated into English throughout the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname lancaster include Lancaster, Lancashire, Lancester, Lancoster, Lancastell and many more.

Early Notables of the lancaster family (pre 1700)

Another 34 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early lancaster Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the lancaster family to Ireland

Some of the lancaster family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States lancaster migration to the United States +

In England at this time, the uncertainty of the political and religious environment of the time caused many families to board ships for distant British colonies in the hopes of finding land and opportunity, and escaping persecution. The voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, though, and many arrived in North America sick, starved, and destitute. Those who did make it, however, were greeted with greater opportunities and freedoms that they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Early immigration records have shown some of the first lancasters to arrive on North American shores:

lancaster Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Gowen Lancaster, who arrived in Virginia in 1635
  • Gowen Lancaster, aged 28, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [3]
  • Owen Lancaster, who arrived in Virginia in 1639 [3]
  • William Lancaster, who landed in Virginia in 1658 [3]
  • Antho Lancaster, who landed in Virginia in 1665 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
lancaster Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Marmaduke Lancaster, who landed in Virginia in 1714 [3]
lancaster Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • William Walter Lancaster, who arrived in New York in 1834 [3]
  • Edward, Frederick, John, Joseph, Mary, Richard, Thomas and William Lancaster all, who arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860

Canada lancaster migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

lancaster Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Christopher Lancaster U.E. who settled in Parr Town, Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [4]
lancaster Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Lancaster, aged 28 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Ajax" departing from the port of Liverpool, England but died on Grosse Isle in July 1847 [5]

Australia lancaster migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

lancaster Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Isaac Lancaster, English blacksmith who was convicted in Cumberland, England for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Baring" in April 1815, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Thomas Lancaster, English convict from Chester, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 29, 1828, settling in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • Mr. Abel Lancaster, (b. 1820), aged 21, English farm labourer who was convicted in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England for 10 years for house breaking, transported aboard the "Barossa" on 27th August 1841, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [8]
  • Mark Lancaster, aged 28, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "William Prowse" [9]
  • Sarah Lancaster, aged 18, a domestic servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1859 aboard the ship "David McIvor"

New Zealand lancaster migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

lancaster Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • J Lancaster, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • John Lancaster, aged 25, a cabinet maker, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • Dr. Robert Lancaster, British settler arriving as Detachment of the Royal New Zealand Fencibles travelling aboard the ship "Sir Robert Sale" from Gravesend via Cork arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 11th October 1847 [10]
  • William Lancaster, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Andrew Jackson" in 1865
  • Miss Elizabeth Lancaster, (b. 1854), aged 21, English nurse from Surrey travelling from London aboard the ship "Waimate" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 4th December 1875 [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name lancaster (post 1700) +

  • Burton Stephen "Burt" Lancaster (1913-1994), American film actor who came to be regarded as one of the best actors of his generation
  • Penny Lancaster -Stewart (b. 1971), English model and photographer, wife of rock singer Rod Stewart
  • Sir Osbert Lancaster CBE (1908-1986), English cartoonist, author, art critic, and stage designer
  • Gary L. Lancaster (1949-2013), United States federal judge, Assistant District Attorney and lawyer
  • William Newton "Bill" Lancaster (1898-1933), pioneering British aviator
  • Marshall Lancaster (b. 1974), British television, film, and stage actor
  • Geoffrey Lancaster (b. 1954), Australian classical pianist and conductor
  • John Lancaster Spalding (1840-1916), American author, poet, the first bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Peoria (1877-1908), co-founder of The Catholic University of America
  • Sir Philip Lancaster Brocklehurst (1827-1904), 1st Baronet of Swythamley Park
  • Harry Lancaster Towe (1898-1977), American Republican Party politician

Halifax Explosion
  • Miss Theresa  Lancaster (1908-1917), Canadian resident from Protestant Orphanage, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [11]
  • Mr. Gordon  Lancaster, Canadian resident from Protestant Orphanage, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [11]
  • Mr. Thomas  Lancaster, Canadian resident from Protestant Orphanage, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [11]
HMS Cornwall
  • Percy  George Lancaster (d. 1942), British Able Seaman aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [12]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Howard Lancaster (b. 1912), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Walsall, Staffordshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [13]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Edward Lancaster, British Ordnance Lieutenant, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [14]
Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)
  • Mary Lancaster (1907-1988), Scottish resident of Lockerbie from Scotland, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [15]
RMS Lusitania
  • Miss Dorothy Lancaster, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Montréal, Quebec, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [16]
  • Mr. Francis William Lancaster, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [16]
  • Miss Annie Lancaster, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Montréal, Quebec, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [16]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. James D. Lancaster, American Seaman First Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [17]


Suggested Readings for the name lancaster +

  • 994 Lancaster, the John Harrison Lancaster Families by Cora Belle Lancaster Kirk.

  1. ^ 'Townships: Scarisbrick', in A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3, ed. William Farrer and J Brownbill (London, 1907), pp. 265-276. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/lancs/vol3/pp265-276 [accessed 21 January 2017].
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 38)
  6. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/baring
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 24) Albion voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1828 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1828
  8. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 24th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/barossa
  9. ^ South Australian Register Monday 21st August 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) William Prowse 1856. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/williamprowse1854.shtml
  10. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  11. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  12. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  13. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  14. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  15. ^ Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html
  16. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  17. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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