nickname in the Old French. A broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, nickname surnames referred to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favored style of clothing, appearance, habits, or character.
In the pre-Christian era, many pagan gods and demi-gods were believed to be a mixture of animals and humans, such as the Greek god Pan who was the god of flocks and herds and was represented as a man with the legs, horns and ears of a goat. In the Middle Ages, anthropomorphic ideas, which attributed human qualities and form to gods or animals, were held about the characters of other living creatures. They were based on the creature's habits. Moreover, these associations were reflected in folk tales, mythology, and legends that portrayed animals behaving as humans. The Old French nickname L'estrange, meant "stranger." It would have been given to someone who was new in the village or parish. A broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, nickname surnames referred to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favored style of clothing, appearance, habits, or character.
Early Origins of the L'estrange family
Norfolk where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor of Knockyn (Knockin.) "The parish derives its name from a castle founded here by the family of L'Estrange, who possessed the manor in the reigns of Henry II. and Henry III., the latter of whom directed a precept to the sheriff of the county, commanding the aid thereof, to enable John L'Estrange to erect part of the 'Castle of Cnukyn,' and to repair the rest for the defence of the borders. His son received from the same monarch the grant of a weekly market, and a fair on the eve and morrow of the festival of St. John the Baptist. Madoc, a Welsh nobleman, headed an insurrection, and defeated Lord Strange at Cnukyn." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print. Another source claims Guy Le Strange had the castle built between 1154 and 1160 and it is not known when the castle was abandoned. Little is left of Knockin Castle today other than mounds of the original fortification. In 1540, Leland described it as 'a ruinous thing.' The family are descended from the Dukes of Brittany and it is recorded that during a great tournament at Castle Peverel in Derbyshire about 1120 attended by Owen, Prince of Wales, and a son of the King of Scots, and two sons of the Duke of Brittany, one of whom was Guy L'Estrange. It is from Guy, that the several branches of the family L'Estrange descended. Sixth in descent from Guy was John L'Estrange, Baron L'Estrange. He gave to his brother about 1320, Hamon L'Estrange, the manor of Hunstanton in Norfolk, a manor which he had held since about the year 1210.
Early History of the L'estrange family
Another 152 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1506, 1532, 1616, 1704, 1605, 1660, 1559, 1604, 1655, 1631, 1656, 1632, 1669, 1661, 1724, 1689 and 1751 are included under the topic Early L'estrange History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
L'estrange Spelling Variations
Breton surnames have many spelling variations. Latin and French, which were the official court languages, were also influential on the spelling of surnames. The spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules. Therefore, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England after the Norman Conquest, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. The name has been spelled L'Estrange, Lestrange, Estrange, L'Estrang, Estrang and many more.
Early Notables of the L'estrange family (pre 1700)
Another 50 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early L'estrange Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the L'estrange family to Ireland
Some of the L'estrange family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 90 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the L'estrange family to the New World and Oceana
Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the L'estrange family to immigrate North America:
L'estrange Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
L'estrange Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
L'estrange Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
Contemporary Notables of the name L'estrange (post 1700)
L'estrange Family Crest Products