Kirwin History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Many variations of the name Kirwin have evolved since the time of its initial creation. In Gaelic it appeared as O Ciardhubhain, which is derived from the words "ciar" and "dubh," both of which mean "black."

Early Origins of the Kirwin family

The surname Kirwin was first found in County Galway (Irish: Gaillimh) part of the province of Connacht, located on the west coast of the Island. The family of ancient Irish extraction have been seated at Blindwell in County Galway from time immemorial. [1]

Important Dates for the Kirwin family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kirwin research. Another 93 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1530, 1531, 1534, 1535, 1550, 1551, 1602, 1589, 1661, 1642, 1653, 1642, 1650, 1721, 1686 and 1688 are included under the topic Early Kirwin History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Kirwin Spelling Variations

Names from the Middle Ages demonstrate many spelling variations. This is because the recording scribe or church official often decided as to how a person's name was spelt and in what language. Research into the name Kirwin revealed many variations, including Kirwan, O'Kirwan, Kerovan, Kyrvan, O'Quirivan, Kirwin, Kerwin, Kerwan and many more.

Early Notables of the Kirwin family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family name at this time was John Óge Kirwan, Mayor of Galway (1530-1531); Thomas Kirwan, Mayor of Galway (1534-1535); Richard Kirwan, Mayor of Galway (1550-1551); Stephen Kirwan (d. 1602), an Irish prelate, Bishop of Clonfert; Reverend Francis Kirwan (1589-1661), Bishop of Killala, but was later exiled...
Another 48 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Kirwin Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Kirwin migration to the United States

The 19th century saw a great wave of Irish families leaving Ireland for the distant shores of North America and Australia. These families often left their homeland hungry, penniless, and destitute do to the policies of England. Those Irish immigrants that survived the long sea passage initially settled on the eastern seaboard of the continent. Some, however, moved north to a then infant Canada as United Empire Loyalists after ironically serving with the English in the American War of Independence. Others that remained in America later joined the westward migration in search of land. The greatest influx of Irish immigrants, though, came to North America during the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Thousands left Ireland at this time for North America, and those who arrived were immediately put to work building railroads, coal mines, bridges, and canals. In fact, the foundations of today's powerful nations of the United Sates and Canada were to a larger degree built by the Irish. Archival documents indicate that members of the Kirwin family relocated to North American shores quite early:

Kirwin Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John Kirwin, who settled in Philadelphia in 1851
  • Patrick Kirwin, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1856 [2]
  • Catharine Kirwin, aged 34, who landed in New York in 1864 [2]
  • Richard Kirwin, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1878 [2]

Kirwin migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Kirwin Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Edward Kirwin, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1841
  • Mr. John Kirwin, aged 16 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Saguenay" departing 5th June 1847 from Cork, Ireland; the ship arrived on 22nd August 1847 but he died on board [3]
  • Miss. Mary Kirwin, aged 16 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Colonist" departing 13th July 1847 from New Ross, Ireland; the ship arrived on 29th August 1847 but she died on board [3]
  • Mr. Michael Kirwin, aged 60 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Saguenay" departing 5th June 1847 from Cork, Ireland; the ship arrived on 22nd August 1847 but he died on board [3]

Kirwin migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Kirwin Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Andrew Kirwin, aged 24, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Oregon" [4]
  • Jane Kirwin, aged 18, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Victoria Regia"

Kirwin migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Kirwin Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Denis Kirwin, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Evening Star" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 14th October 1860 [5]
  • Miss Sarah Kirwin, (b. 1839), aged 24, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Huntress" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st April 1863 [5]
  • Miss Martha Kirwin, (b. 1846), aged 17, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Huntress" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st April 1863 [5]
  • Miss Fanny Kirwin, (b. 1844), aged 22, British needlewoman travelling from London aboard the ship 'Mermaid' arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 5th January 1867 [5]
  • Miss Kate Kirwin, (b. 1842), aged 24, British needlewoman travelling from London aboard the ship 'Mermaid' arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 5th January 1867 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Kirwin (post 1700)

  • John J. Kirwin (1918-1943), United States Navy officer who received the Navy Cross posthumously for his actions in combat during World War II, eponym of the USS Kirwin (APD-90)
  • Fred H. Kirwin, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1924 [6]
  • Frank Kirwin (1921-1997), former Australian rules footballer who played for Collingwood in 1943

Historic Events for the Kirwin family

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. James H. Kirwin, British Trimmer from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [7]
  • Mrs. Amelia Gertrude Kirwin (1891-1914), née Sellers English Third Class Passenger from Liverpool, England, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [7]
  • Master James Kirwin (1913-1914), English Third Class Passenger from Liverpool, England, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [7]

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Citations

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 83)
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The barque OREGON, 521 tons - 1851 voyage to South Australia. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1851Oregon.htm
  5. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  6. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 6) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  7. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
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