, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Kestal. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Kestal family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames
were adopted in medieval England
is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Kestal is a local
type of surname and the Kestal family lived in the county of Cornwall, in the village of Kestell.
Early Origins of the Kestal family
The surname Kestal was first found in Cornwall
, where the family are known to have been resident at Kestell, in the parish of Egoshayle from the time of King John till the year 1737. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Now known as Kestle and Kestle Mill, these hamlets are just south of Quintrell Downs.
Early History of the Kestal family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kestal research.Another 221 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1199, 1216, 1737, 1272, 1307 and 1700 are included under the topic Early Kestal History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Kestal Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Kestle, Kestell, Kestel, Kestelle, Kessel, Kessal and many more.
Early Notables of the Kestal family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Kestal Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Kestal family to the New World and Oceana
Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Kestal were Robert M. Kestell, who was on record in the Ontario census of 1871; as well as Robert Henry Kestell, who was naturalized in Michigan in 1881.