Show ContentsJuniper History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The notable Juniper family arose among the Cornish People, a race with a rich Celtic heritage and an indomitable fighting spirit who inhabited the southwest of England. While surnames were well-known during the English medieval period, Cornish People originally used only a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames came into common use is interesting. As the population of medieval Europe multiplied, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Under the Feudal System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Patronymic surnames were derived from given names and were the predominant type of surname among the Celtic peoples of Britain. However, the people of Cornwall provide a surprising exception to this rule, and patronymic surnames are less common among them than other people of Celtic stock, such as their Welsh neighbors. This is due to the greater influence of English bureaucracy and naming practices in Cornwall at the time that surnames first arose. This type of surname blended perfectly with the prevailing Feudal System. One feature that is occasionally found in Cornish surnames of this type is the suffix -oe or -ow; this is derived from the Cornish plural suffix -ow. is a patronymic surname that came from the Welsh personal name Guinivere, which is composed of the elements gwen, which means fair, wyf, which means smooth or yielding, and fawr, which means large. The word gin (as in the alcoholic drink) is a shortened form of the older English word genever, which was derived from the French word genièvre and the Dutch word jenever meaning juniper from the Latin word juniperus.

Early Origins of the Juniper family

The surname Juniper was first found in Cornwall, where they held a family seat from ancient times.

Early History of the Juniper family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Juniper research. Another 55 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Juniper History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Juniper Spelling Variations

Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Jenifer, Jennifer, Jenefer, Genever, Genhaver and others.

Early Notables of the Juniper family

More information is included under the topic Early Juniper Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Australia Juniper migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Juniper Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James Juniper, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Harpley" in 1849 [1]

Contemporary Notables of the name Juniper (post 1700) +

  • Barrie Juniper (1932-2023), British plant scientist, Emeritus Reader in plant sciences at the University of Oxford and Fellow Emeritus of St Catherine's College, Oxford
  • Dr. Anthony Juniper C.B.E., British Fellow for the University of Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire on 17th June 2017, for services to Conservation
  • Juniper Shuey (b. 1974), American, Seattle-based visual artist, known for his video installations and sculptural performance

Empress of Ireland
  • Master Arthur Juniper (1910-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [2]
  • Mrs. Annie Elizabeth Juniper (1891-1914), née Wigg Canadian Third Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [2]

  1. State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HARPLEY 1849. Retrieved from
  2. Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from on Facebook