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Jernigan is a name that first reached England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Jernigan family lived in Norfolk.

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The surname Jernigan was first found in Norfolk, where one of the first records of the name appeared as a forename: Jernegan Fitz-Hugh who was listed there in 1180. The surname was probably derived as someone who was "the son of Gernegan." Jernegan was anciently a Christian name that appeared in quite a few records. "The first that I meet with of this family was called Hugh, without any other addition, whose son was named Jernegan Fitz-Hugh, or the son of Hugh; he is mentioned in the Castle-Acre priory register, and he died about 1182." The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list William Gernegon in Norfolk and Walter Gernegan in Suffolk. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
The Jernegan spelling was used by Lord Stafford's ancestors until the 16th century when the name was changed to Jerningham. His successors took the baptismal name Jernegan as their surname. [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Jernigan are characterized by many spelling variations. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Jernigan include Jernegan, Jerningham, Jernygham, Jernigan, Jenningham, Jenningan and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Jernigan research. Another 361 words (26 lines of text) covering the years 1182, 1222, 1550 and 1762 are included under the topic Early Jernigan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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More information is included under the topic Early Jernigan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Faced with the chaos present in England at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia and Ireland in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Jernigan, or a variant listed above:

Jernigan Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Aaron Jernigan (1813-1891), the first settler of Orange County, Florida who arrived there from Georgia in 1843, eponym of Jernigan, Florida, honored as "Orlando's first settler"

Jernigan Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Harry Jernigan, aged 21, who settled in America, in 1917
  • Wade F. Jernigan, aged 32, who emigrated to America, in 1919
  • Clarence Jernigan, aged 19, who emigrated to the United States, in 1920
  • Johni Jernigan, aged 21, who emigrated to the United States, in 1921
  • W. F. Jernigan, aged 35, who landed in America, in 1922
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  • Jerrel Jernigan (b. 1989), American NFL football wide receiver for the New York Giants
  • Gerald D. Jernigan (1942-2006), American Republican politician, Mayor of Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1987-91; Defeated, 1991
  • Ellen Jernigan, American Republican politician, Presidential Elector for Mississippi, 2000; Delegate to Republican National Convention from Mississippi, 2008
  • Curtis Jernigan, American Democrat politician, Chair of Bullock County Democratic Party, 2003
  • Coleman Jernigan, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Arkansas, 1952
  • J. M. Jernigan, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Arkansas, 1900
  • James E. Jernigan, American politician, Mayor of Columbus, Georgia, 1987-90
  • Mark Jernigan, American Republican politician, Member of Hawaii State House of Representatives 6th District; Elected 2002
  • Ronald J. Jernigan, American Democrat politician, Candidate in primary for Michigan State Senate 7th District, 1974
  • Ruth Jernigan, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 1996
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  • Jernigan Reunion by Lillian Jernigan Worley.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Virtus basis vitae
Motto Translation: Virtue is the support of life.

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Citations



  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.

Other References

  1. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  2. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  3. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  4. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  5. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  6. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  7. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  8. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  9. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  10. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  11. ...

The Jernigan Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Jernigan Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 15 July 2016 at 00:55.

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