Show ContentsHurford History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Today's generation of the Hurford family bears a name that was brought to England by the migration wave that was started by the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Hurford family lived in Herefordshire, which is in west central England, between Gloucestershire, Worcestershire, Shropshire and Wales. The county is known for its moderate climate, rich soil, and ancient castles. Hereford is derived from the Anglo-Saxon word Hereford which means "the Military Ford" and the Old English "here, army + ford." [1]

Early Origins of the Hurford family

The surname Hurford was first found in Herefordshire where Ilbert de Hertford, de Hereforda was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. [2] Later, Walter de Hereford was listed in the Pipe Rolls for Wales in 1158 and Richard de Herfordia was a Knights Templar in 1185. [3]

"The Herefords of Sufton Court, co. Hereford, claim from Boger de Hereford, a famous philosopher of the XII. century. The town and county of Hertford are so pronounced, but there is a parish of Harford in Devonshire with which however the family do not appear to have been connected. According to Burke, "the cunabula (earliest) gent was in Bosbury, co. Hereford, in the church of which parish there are several ancient monuments of the family." [4]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 included entries for: Warin de Hereford, Cambridgeshire; Roger de Herford, Huntingdonshire; and Walter de Herford, Cambridgeshire. [5] In Somerset, early rolls listed Margery Herford and John de Hareford, 1 Edward III (during the first year of the reign of King Edward III) [6]

Early History of the Hurford family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hurford research. Another 98 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 176 and 1766 are included under the topic Early Hurford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hurford Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, Norman French and other languages became incorporated into English throughout the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Hurford include Hereford, Herford, Herreford and others.

Early Notables of the Hurford family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Hurford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Hurford migration to the United States +

In England at this time, the uncertainty of the political and religious environment of the time caused many families to board ships for distant British colonies in the hopes of finding land and opportunity, and escaping persecution. The voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, though, and many arrived in North America sick, starved, and destitute. Those who did make it, however, were greeted with greater opportunities and freedoms that they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Hurfords to arrive on North American shores:

Hurford Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • John Hurford, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1700 [7]
Hurford Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Hurford, aged 20, who landed in America, in 1895
Hurford Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Jessie Hurford, aged 32, who immigrated to the United States from Somerset, in 1905
  • Maurico W. Hurford, aged 30, who landed in America from Somerset, in 1905
  • William A. J. Hurford, aged 2, who immigrated to the United States from Somerset, in 1905
  • Blanche E. Hurford, aged 24, who landed in America from Sloelbudge Hartts, England, in 1907
  • Charles Hurford, aged 21, who immigrated to the United States from Port Talbot, England, in 1907
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Hurford migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Hurford Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • Marie Hurford, aged 24, who settled in Montreal, Canada, in 1909
  • O. F. Hurford, aged 25, who settled in Montreal, Canada, in 1909
  • S. E. Hurford, aged 0, who immigrated to Montreal, Canada, in 1909

Australia Hurford migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hurford Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Hurford, (b. 1799), aged 31, English convict who was convicted in Somerset, England for life for stealing, transported aboard the "Burrell" on 22nd July 1830, arriving in New South Wales [8]

Contemporary Notables of the name Hurford (post 1700) +

  • Carol Zerbe Hurford, American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1972 [9]
  • John Hurford (b. 1948), prolific English psychedelic artist
  • Peter Hurford OBE (1930-2019), British organist and composer, organist of Holy Trinity Church, Leamington Spa from 1956 to 1957, Honorary Fellow of Jesus College in 2006, past President of the Royal College of Organists and received its Medal in 2013
  • Richard Warwick Hurford OAM (b. 1944), Australian clergyman, Anglican Bishop of Bathurst (2000-2012)
  • Christopher John "Chris" Hurford AO (b. 1931), Australian politician, Member of the Australian Parliament for Adelaide (1969-1987)
  • James R. Hurford, Scottish emeritus professor at the University of Edinburgh

  1. Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
  2. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  3. Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  5. Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
  7. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 5th November 2020). Retrieved from
  9. The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, February 1) . Retrieved from on Facebook