Hooge History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Hooge is an ancient Viking-Scottish name for a careful and prudent person. While in England, this name is derived from the animal and is there a metonymic surname (a surname derived from the principle object associated with a trade or occupation), in Scotland it is derived from the Old English word hoga, which means prudent. A broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, nickname surnames referred to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favored style of clothing, appearance, habits, or character. [1]

While this is the generally accepted origin of the name, one source claims the name was Norman as in 1040, Hubert de Hoga granted lands to Cerisy Abbey, Cerisy-la-Forêt, Manche, France. [2]

Early Origins of the Hooge family

The surname Hooge was first found in Durham, but by the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, the family was scattered throughout England. The rolls included: Alice le Hog, Oxfordshire; Philip le Hog, Kent; and Peter Hog, Yorkshire. [3]

In Somerset, there were two listings of the family 1 Edward III (during the first year of the reign of King Edward III): Nicholas Hogg; and Oliver le Hogg. [4]

In Scotland where the most numerous records of the family were found, the first record was "about the year 1280, [when] Andrew Fraser gave to the Abbey of Kelso a bondman, Adam the son of Henry del Hoga (i.e. 'of the Hog') 'nativo meo cum tota sequela sua' (Kelso, p. 95). About the year 1250 mention is made of the croft of Henry de Hoga in Gordun, Berwickshire and c. 1270 John de Grantham, son and heir of Emma the daughter and heir of Salomon del Hoga, made a grant from her lands at Berwick, which Radulph de Bernewill held, to the monks of Kelso. Again about 1280 there is mention of the croft which Adam del Hoga held in the time of Lady Alycie de Gordun. Thurcyl hoga is one of the witnesses to a charter of Cnut, 1024 (Kemble, Codex Dipl., IV, 741). The spelling of the name here, Hoga, the earliest record of its occurrence, certainly points to Old English hoga, 'careful,' 'prudent,' as origin of the name at least in this instance." [5]

Sir James Weir Hogg, 1st Baronet (1790-1876) the famous businessman, lawyer and politician was born in northern Ireland, but his family originally hailed from Swinton, Berwickshire. This baronetcy of Upper Grosvenor Street in the County of London survived until 1957.

Important Dates for the Hooge family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hooge research. Another 434 words (31 lines of text) covering the years 1294, 1296, 1358, 1363, 1402, 1370, 1379, 1462, 1529, 1661, 1628, 1745, 1543, 1583, 1680, 1658, 1734, 1770, 1835, 1792, 1862 and are included under the topic Early Hooge History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hooge Spelling Variations

Sound and intuition were the main things that scribes in the Middle Ages relied on when spelling and translating names. Since those factors varied, so did the spelling of the names. Spelling variations of the name Hooge include Hogg, Hogge, Hoag, Hogue, Hoig and others.

Early Notables of the Hooge family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan from early times was Ralf Hogge, an English iron-master and gun founder to the king; he succeeded in casting the first iron cannon in England in 1543 and known to have later built Hogge House in the village of Buxted, East...
Another 45 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hooge Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Hooge family to Ireland

Some of the Hooge family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 73 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hooge migration to the United States

In North America, the monarchy was thousands of miles away and Scots were free to settle on their own land and practice their own beliefs. The American War of Independence provided an opportunity for these settlers to pay back the English monarchy and forge a new nation. Recently, this heritage has survived through North American highland games and Clan societies. Early North American immigration and passenger lists have revealed a number of people bearing the name Hooge or a variant listed above:

Hooge Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Joh Ernst Jacob Hooge, who landed in America in 1834 [6]
  • Ernst W Hooge, who arrived in America in 1840 [6]
  • Heinr Rudolph Hooge, who arrived in America in 1843 [6]
  • Joh Jacob Rudolph Hooge, who arrived in America in 1846 [6]
  • Lewis Hooge, who arrived in Mississippi in 1857 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Hooge (post 1700)

  • Peter J. Hooge (1886-1963), Canadian lawyer, judge and politician in Saskatchewan


  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
  5. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
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