Hoag History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestry of the name Hoag goes back to the Vikings, who settled on the rocky shores of ancient Scotland. Hoag was a name for a careful and prudent person. While in England, this name is derived from the animal and there it is a metonymic surname (a surname derived from the principle object associated with a trade or occupation), in Scotland it is derived from the Old English word hoga, which means "prudent." A broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, nickname surnames referred to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favoured style of clothing, appearance, habits, or character. [1]

While this is the generally accepted origin of the name, one source claims the name was Norman as in 1040, Hubert de Hoga granted lands to Cerisy Abbey, Cerisy-la-Forêt, Manche, France. [2]

Early Origins of the Hoag family

The surname Hoag was first found in Durham, but by the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, the family was scattered throughout England. The rolls included: Alice le Hog, Oxfordshire; Philip le Hog, Kent; and Peter Hog, Yorkshire. [3]

In Somerset, there were two listings of the family 1 Edward III (during the first year of the reign of King Edward III): Nicholas Hogg; and Oliver le Hogg. [4]

In Scotland where the most numerous records of the family were found, the first record was "about the year 1280, [when] Andrew Fraser gave to the Abbey of Kelso a bondman, Adam the son of Henry del Hoga (i.e. 'of the Hog') 'nativo meo cum tota sequela sua' (Kelso, p. 95). In the year 1250, mention is made of the croft of Henry de Hoga in Gordun, Berwickshire and c. 1270 John de Grantham, son and heir of Emma, the daughter and heir of Salomon del Hoga, made a grant from her lands at Berwick, which Radulph de Bernewill held, to the monks of Kelso. Again, about 1280 there is mention of the croft which Adam del Hoga held in the time of Lady Alycie de Gordun. Thurcyl hoga is one of the witnesses to a charter of Cnut, 1024 (Kemble, Codex Dipl., IV, 741). The spelling of the name here, Hoga, the earliest record of its occurrence, certainly points to Old English hoga, 'careful,' 'prudent,' as origin of the name at least in this instance." [5]

Sir James Weir Hogg, 1st Baronet (1790-1876) the famous businessman, lawyer and politician was born in Northern Ireland, but his family originally hailed from Swinton, Berwickshire. This baronetcy of Upper Grosvenor Street in the County of London survived until 1957.

Early History of the Hoag family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hoag research. Another 434 words (31 lines of text) covering the years 1294, 1296, 1358, 1363, 1402, 1370, 1379, 1462, 1529, 1661, 1628, 1745, 1543, 1583, 1680, 1658, 1734, 1770, 1835, 1792, 1862, 1635, 1700, 1635, 1628, 1692, 1628 and are included under the topic Early Hoag History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hoag Spelling Variations

Contemporary spellings of ancient Scottish names often bear little resemblance to the original recorded versions. These spelling variations result from the fact that medieval scribes spelled words and names alike according to their sounds. Hoag has been spelled Hogg, Hogge, Hoag, Hogue, Hoig and others.

Early Notables of the Hoag family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan from early times was Ralf Hogge, an English iron-master and gun founder to the king; he succeeded in casting the first iron cannon in England in 1543 and known to have later built Hogge House in the village of Buxted, East Sussex in 1583. Thomas Hog (d. 1680?), was a Scottish minister of Larbert, Stirlingshire; and his son, James Hog (1658?-1734), was also a Scottish minister at Carnock, known for...
Another 73 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hoag Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Hoag family to Ireland

Some of the Hoag family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 73 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Hoag migration to the United States +

The colonies on the fertile east coast of North America soon had many farms run by Scots. These hardy settlers provided a backbone for the great nations of the United States and Canada that would emerge in the next centuries. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the Scottish name Hoag or a variant listed above, including:

Hoag Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Hoag, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1650 [6]
Hoag Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • D Hoag, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [6]
  • J V Hoag, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [6]
Hoag Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Amanda Hoag, aged 40, who immigrated to the United States, in 1907
  • Adam Hoag, aged 47, who arrived at New London, Ohio, in 1909
  • Curtis Hoag, aged 65, who immigrated to the United States, in 1910
  • Charles Hoag, aged 43, who immigrated to the United States, in 1912
  • Anna L. Hoag, aged 65, who landed in America, in 1912
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Hoag (post 1700) +

  • William W. Hoag, American politician, Member of Connecticut State Senate 11th District, 1859
  • William Nicholas Hoag, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County 11th District, 1890, 1892
  • W. M. Hoag, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Virginia, 1928 [7]
  • William Hoag, American politician, Socialist Labor Candidate for Secretary of State of Michigan, 1906; Socialist Labor Candidate for University of Michigan Board of Regents, 1909
  • W. Dixon Hoag, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Connecticut State House of Representatives from Old Lyme, 1930 [7]
  • Truman Harrison Hoag (1816-1870), American Democrat politician, Candidate for Mayor of Toledo, Ohio, 1867; U.S. Representative from Ohio 10th District, 1869-70; Died in office 1870
  • Thomas W. Hoag, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Massachusetts, 1948 [7]
  • Samuel W. Hoag, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Rensselaer County, 1840
  • Prince Hoag, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Dutchess County, 1823
  • Paul M. Hoag, American Republican politician, Presidential Elector for Ohio, 2000 [7]
  • ... (Another 29 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


The Hoag Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Dat gloria vires
Motto Translation: Glory gives strength.


Suggested Readings for the name Hoag +

  • 4264 "Genealogical Charts of Descendants of John Tierney (born ca. Jan. 27,1857) and of the Related Families (Barber, Hoag, etc.)" by Raymond Moran Teirney.

  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
  5. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, November 24) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html


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