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An excerpt from archives copyright 2000 - 2016

The rich and ancient history of the Hickmough family name dates back to the time of the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It comes from the Highmore family who lived in Cumberland in Armathwaite. The surname Hickmough originally derived from this family who later branched to Liverpool. In Old English, patronyms were formed by adding a variety of suffixes to personal names, which changed over time and from place to place. For example, after the Norman Conquest, sunu and sune, which meant son, were the most common patronymic suffixes. In the 12th and 13th centuries, the most common patronymic names included the word filius, which meant son. By the 14th century, the suffix son had replaced these earlier versions. Surnames that were formed with filius or son were more common in the north of England and it was here that the number of individuals without surnames was greatest at this time.


The surname Hickmough was first found in Lancashire where they held a family seat in the vicinity of what is now Liverpool. Although many historians believe the name to mean a relationship to a brother in law, we think this to be too convenient, over simplified. It is most likely to be an interpretation of Highmore, a Cumberland family of Armathwaite, a branch of which moved south to Liverpool in early times before the area was even known as Liverpool.

Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Hickmough have been found, including Hitchmough, Hichmough, Hitchmow, Hichmow, Hickmough, Hickmow, Hitchmoe, Hickmott, Hitchmo, Hickmoe, Hytchmough, Hytchmoe, Hytchmow and many more.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hickmough research. Another 269 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1584 and 1591 are included under the topic Early Hickmough History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


More information is included under the topic Early Hickmough Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Among the first immigrants of the name Hickmough, or a variant listed above to cross the Atlantic and come to North America were : Felix Hitchman, who settled in New York in 1823; Conrad Hitchman, who arrived in New York in 1832; Sarah Ann Hickmott, who came to Montreal in 1849; Hannah Hickmott, who arrived in Montreal in 1849.


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    Other References

    1. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
    2. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
    3. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
    4. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
    5. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
    6. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
    7. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
    8. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
    9. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    10. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
    11. ...

    The Hickmough Family Crest was acquired from the archives. The Hickmough Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 27 October 2010 at 13:40.

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