Early Origins of the Hertforth family
The surname Hertforth was first found in Hertfordshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant
of the lands of Hertford held by Count Alan and Eudo Fitzherbert from the King who were recorded in the Domesday Book
census of 1086.
Early History of the Hertforth family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hertforth research.Another 345 words (25 lines of text) covering the years 158 and 1588 are included under the topic Early Hertforth History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Hertforth Spelling Variations
Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Hertforth family name include Hartford, Harford, Hertford, Hartforth, Hertforth and others.
Early Notables of the Hertforth family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Hertforth Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Hertforth family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Hertforth family to immigrate North America: Anne Hartford, who came to Virginia in 1637; Francis Harford, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1682; Elizabeth Harford, who settled in Jamaica in 1730; Charles Harford, who arrived in New York in 1795.