Herring History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Herring name was originally an Anglo-Saxon name that was given to a person who made a living by catching or selling herring. Early examples of the surname Herring come from the Old French word hareng, while later examples come from the Old English word hering, which was originally derived from the Old English words hæring and hering; these words all mean herring.

However, one very reputable source claims origin of the name disagrees. "There can be no doubt about the parentage of our Herrings. It will be observed that the prefix 'le' is never found in these early records, suggesting that the surname is not (at least in the majority of cases) a nickname taken from the fish. They are generally found inland also." [1]

And another reputable source agrees. "This name may be the same as Hering, from some locality compounded of ing, a meadow. Hornsey, Middlesex, from the thirteenth to the sixteenth century was called in public records Haringee, Haringhee, or Haringay, signifying the meadow of hares." [2]

Early Origins of the Herring family

The surname Herring was first found in many counties throughout ancient Britain. By example, the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed John Hareng, Bedfordshire; Alan Haring, Cambridgeshire; Nigel Haring, Canterbury; Robert Henn, Cambridgeshire; and Roger Hering, Oxfordshire and all holding lands at that time. [1]

Further to the north in Scotland, "Adam Hereng' witnessed a charter by William the Lion to the Priory of Coldingham. Petronilla, daughter of Adam Harang of Meinichoch (Minnigaff), granted to the church of Melrose part of the lands of Bortwic in the parish of Roberton in the reign of Alexander II. An account of the domestic tragedy which nearly brought the family of Herring to ruin in 1371 is described in the Memorie of the Somervills, I, p. 118-121. The tragedy occurred at Gilmerton Grange near Edinbergh. Gilbert Heryng witnessed a charter of the Haigh of Scuny in Fife, 1395, and John Hering, dominus de Glasclune, was present at perambulation of the marches of Kirknes and Louchor in the same year. " [3]

Important Dates for the Herring family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Herring research. Another 197 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1166, 1190, 1450, 1453, 1457, 1479, 1483, 1491, 1508, 1574, 1750, 1628, 1704, 1693, 1757, 1747 and 1757 are included under the topic Early Herring History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Herring Spelling Variations

Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Herring has undergone many spelling variations, including Herring, Herrin, Hering and others.

Early Notables of the Herring family (pre 1700)

Another 38 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Herring Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Herring migration to the United States

To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Herring were among those contributors:

Herring Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Joseph Herring, who settled in Barbados in 1635
  • Jo Herring, aged 28, who arrived in Barbados in 1635 [4]
  • John Herring, who settled in Virginia in 1642
  • Jon Herring, who arrived in Virginia in 1642 [4]
  • Bartholomew Herring, who landed in Maryland in 1647 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Herring Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Hen Herring, who arrived in Virginia in 1700 [4]
  • Edward Herring, who landed in Virginia in 1712 [4]
  • John Geo Herring, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1754 [4]
  • Ludwig Herring, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1754 [4]
  • Ludwick Herring, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1760 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Herring Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • William Herring, who arrived in America in 1810 [4]
  • Catharine Herring, aged 69, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1813 [4]
  • Thomas Herring, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1835 [4]
  • Francis Herring, who arrived in St Clair County, Illinois in 1840 [4]
  • Honora Victorine Herring, who landed in New York, NY in 1841 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Herring migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Herring Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Herring, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Agamemnon" on April 22, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • John Herring, English convict from Worcester, who was transported aboard the "Adamant" on March 16, 1821, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Mr. William Herring, British convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for life, transported aboard the "Asia" on 19th November 1827, settling in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • Giles Head Herring, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Moffatt" in 1839 [8]
  • John Morris Herring, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Moffatt" in 1839 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Herring migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Herring Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Herring, British settler travelling from London and Plymouth aboard the ship "Thomas Sparks" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 31st January 1843, the ship stuck rocks of the coast of Cape of Good Hope delaying her landing by 2 months [9]
  • Miss Amelia A. Herring, (b. 1840), aged 25, British milliner travelling from London aboard the ship "Eastern Empire" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 4th January 1865 [10]

Contemporary Notables of the name Herring (post 1700)

  • Katherine "Katie" Herring (1933-2018), née James, an All-American Girls Professional Baseball League player who played for the Grand Rapids Chicks (1953)
  • Harold Moreland "Hal" Herring (1924-2014), American football player and coach
  • Conyers Herring (1914-2009), American physicist and co-winner of the 1984/85 Wolf Prize in Physics
  • Augustus Moore Herring (1867-1926), American aviation pioneer
  • Lieutenant Rufus Geddie Herring (1921-1996), United States Naval Reserve officer awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1945
  • George A. Herring, American politician, Representative from Pennsylvania 18th District, 1920 [11]
  • Erastus C. Herring, American politician, Prohibition Candidate for U.S. Representative from Michigan 9th District, 1894 [11]
  • E. I. Herring, American Republican politician, Member of Colorado State House of Representatives, 1950 [11]
  • Clyde LaVerne Herring (1879-1945), American Democrat politician, Member of Democratic National Committee from Iowa, 1924-28; Governor of Iowa, 1933-37; Defeated, 1920; U.S. Senator from Iowa, 1937-43; Defeated, 1922, 1942 [11]
  • Charniele L. Herring, American Democrat politician, Elected Virginia State House of Delegates 46th District 2011 [11]
  • ... (Another 25 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Herring family

HMS Dorsetshire
  • John Frankland Herring (d. 1945), British Stoker 1st Class aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [12]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. James Jumior Herring, American Signalman Third Class from Iowa, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [13]

Citations

  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Charnock, Richard, Stephen, Ludus Patronymicus of The Etymology of Curious Surnames. London: Trubner & Co., 60 Paternoster Row, 1868. Print.
  3. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Agamemnon voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1820 with 179 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agamemnon/1820
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Adamant voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1821 with 144 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adamant/1821
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 8th January 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1827
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) MOFFATT 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Moffatt.htm
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  11. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 6) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  12. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
  13. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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