Origins Available: English
The history of the name Harwich begins with the Anglo-Saxon
tribes of Britain. It is derived from the Old Danish and Old Swedish name Erik
and the Old Norse name Eiríkr.
Many Scandinavian personal names were left in the British Isles as a legacy of the Viking raids which plagued the coastal regions of Britain from the 8th to 10th centuries, and many of these eventually became Anglo-Saxon
Early Origins of the Harwich family
The surname Harwich was first found in Leicestershire
. The name was listed as Eiric, Eric and Erish in the Domesday Book
of 1086. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
John Eirich was the first listing of the family in Leicestershire
in 1211. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
"There is a tradition that the most ancient family of the Ericks derive lineage from Erick the Forester, a great commander, who raised an army to oppose the invasion of William the Conqueror, by whom he was vanquished, but afterwards employed to command that prince's forces, and in old age retired to his house in Leicestershire
, where his family hath continued ever since." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the Harwich family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harwich research.Another 189 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1450, 1557, 1753, 1658, 1695, 1591 and 1674 are included under the topic Early Harwich History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Harwich Spelling Variations
The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations
are common among early Anglo-Saxon
names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Harwich has been recorded under many different variations, including Herrick, Herricke and others.
Early Notables of the Harwich family (pre 1700)
Another 45 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harwich Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harwich family to Ireland
Some of the Harwich family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland
is included in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harwich family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England
made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Harwich or a variant listed above:
Harwich Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- John Harwich, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1732 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
The Harwich Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Virtus omnia nobilitat
Motto Translation: Virtue ennobles all things.