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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


Hartford Early Origins



The surname Hartford was first found in Hertfordshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Hertford held by Count Alan and Eudo Fitzherbert from the King who were recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086.

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Hartford Spelling Variations


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Hartford Spelling Variations



A multitude of spelling variations characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Hartford, Harford, Hertford, Hartforth, Hertforth and others.

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Hartford Early History


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Hartford Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hartford research. Another 345 words (25 lines of text) covering the years 158 and 1588 are included under the topic Early Hartford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Hartford Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Hartford Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Hartford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Many English families left England, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Hartford or a variant listed above:

Hartford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Anne Hartford, who came to Virginia in 1637
  • Anne Hartford, who landed in Virginia in 1637
  • Edward Hartford, who arrived in Virginia in 1653
  • Eliz Hartford, who landed in Virginia in 1657
  • John Hartford, who landed in Virginia in 1663
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Hartford Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Ann Hartford, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1855
  • Amelia Hartford, who came to New York in 1861
  • James Hartford, who arrived in Ohio in 1889
  • William Hartford, who landed in Ohio in 1889
  • Blythe Hartford, who came to Detroit in 1895

Hartford Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Almira Hartford, who settled in Ontario in 1861

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Contemporary Notables of the name Hartford (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Hartford (post 1700)



  • John Augustine Hartford (1872-1951), American executive with the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company
  • Dee Hartford (b. 1928), retired American television actress
  • Eden Hartford (1930-1983), American actress and one time wife of Groucho Marx (1954-1969)
  • John Hartford (b. 1937), American musician who won Grammy awards in three different decades
  • George Huntington Hartford (1833-1917), co-founder of The Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company
  • Richard 'Asa' Hartford (b. 1950), retired Scottish international midfielder

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Hartford Family Crest Products


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Hartford Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  2. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  3. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  4. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  5. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  6. Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
  7. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  8. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  9. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  10. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  11. ...

The Hartford Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Hartford Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 26 February 2016 at 09:55.

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