Harnsword is a name that was carried to England
in the great wave of migration from Normandy
following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Harnsword family lived in the town of Hemsworth in Yorkshire
. The place-name was recorded in the Domesday Book
It was originally derived from the Old English personal name Hymel
and the Old English word word,
which means enclosure.
The personal name Hymel is a short form of names such as Hunbeald, which means bear-cub bold,
which means bear-cub bright.
Thus, the name Harnsword changed dramatically over time. Surnames rarely appeared in their modern form in ancient chronicles. In the 11th and 12th centuries, it was common practice to Latinize names in official records. The modern spelling of a surname is usually related to the phonetic spelling of that name that was developed during the 17th or 18th century.
Early Origins of the Harnsword family
The surname Harnsword was first found in Yorkshire
at Hemsworth in the West Riding of Yorkshire
. At the taking of the Domesday Book
survey, initiated by Duke William in the year 1086 after his conquest of England
at the Battle of Hastings in the year 1066, Hemsworth was held by Gamel, a Norman noble, who held it from the tenant-in-chief Ilbert de Lacy. Conjecturally, the Hemsworth line is descended from this source. Alternatively, the name could have been derived from Harmondsworth, a parish in Middlesex. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the Harnsword family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harnsword research.Another 68 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harnsword History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Harnsword Spelling Variations
Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred
years ago, spelling variations
of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, Norman French and other languages became incorporated into English throughout the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Harnsword include Hamsworth, Harmsworth, Hemsworth and others.
Early Notables of the Harnsword family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Harnsword Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harnsword family to Ireland
Some of the Harnsword family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland
is included in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harnsword family to the New World and Oceana
at this time, the uncertainty of the political and religious environment of the time caused many families to board ships for distant British colonies in the hopes of finding land and opportunity, and escaping persecution. The voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, though, and many arrived in North America sick, starved, and destitute. Those who did make it, however, were greeted with greater opportunities and freedoms that they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Harnswords to arrive on North American shores: William Hemsworth who landed in North America in 1700.
The Harnsword Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Manus haec inimica tyrannis
Motto Translation: This hand is hostile to tyrants.