When the ancestors of the Harkup family emigrated to England
following the Norman Conquest
in 1066 they brought their family name with them. They lived in Oxfordshire
. Their name, however, refers not to this location, but to the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
in 1066: one of two towns, Harcourt,
in Calvados, Normandy
, or Harcourt
in Eure, Normandy.
Early Origins of the Harkup family
The surname Harkup was first found in Oxfordshire
. Errand de Harcourt who claimed descent from Bernard the Dane, who was granted the Lordship of Harcourt from Rollo of Normandy
in 876 commanded the Archers of Vel de Ruel in the Conqueror's army. Rather than staying with his fellow countrymen in the newly conquered country, he returned to Normandy
shortly after William's coronation. His younger Robert who had also accompanied him on the Conquest remained. Robert's son, William de Harcourt, a strong supporter of Henry I., commanded the troops that defeated the Earl of Mellentin in 1123. In return for his noble efforts, he received many more lands in England
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
This was the beginning of one of the most noble families in England
that would quickly rise to the status of the House of Harcourt from which Simon, Lord Harcourt would become Lord Chancellor temp.
Queen Anne. Over in the parish of Wyrardisbury in Buckinghamshire
, a more recent member of the family holds a piece of history. "Within its limits is Magna Charta island, a small islet in the Thames, on which King John, at the instance of the barons, is said by some to have signed the celebrated charter of English liberty; it is the property of G. Simon Harcourt, Esq., of Ankerwycke House, in the parish." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Harkup family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harkup research.Another 195 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1714 and 1727 are included under the topic Early Harkup History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Harkup Spelling Variations
The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries. For that reason, spelling variations
are common among many Anglo-Norman names. The shape of the English language was frequently changed with the introduction of elements of Norman French, Latin, and other European languages; even the spelling of literate people's names were subsequently modified. Harkup has been recorded under many different variations, including Harcourt, Harcutt, Harker, Harkett and others.
Early Notables of the Harkup family (pre 1700)
Another 28 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harkup Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harkup family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the uncertainty of the political and religious uncertainty found in England
, many English families boarded ships at great expense to sail for the colonies held by Britain. The passages were expensive, though, and the boats were unsafe, overcrowded, and ridden with disease. Those who were hardy and lucky enough to make the passage intact were rewarded with land, opportunity, and social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families went on to be important contributors to the young nations of Canada and the United States where they settled. Harkups were some of the first of the immigrants to arrive in North America: John Harcourt, who arrived in Jamaica in 1684; Edward Harcourt, who arrived in Texas in 1836; and Mary Harcourt, who settled in New England
The Harkup Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Le bon temps viendra
Motto Translation: The prosperous time will come.