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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2017

Origins Available: English, Irish



Multiple Origins for the Surname Harford


English


Harford Early Origins



The surname Harford was first found in Hertfordshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Hertford held by Count Alan and Eudo Fitzherbert from the King who were recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086.

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Harford Spelling Variations


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Harford Spelling Variations



Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Hartford, Harford, Hertford, Hartforth, Hertforth and others.

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Harford Early History


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Harford Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harford research. Another 345 words (25 lines of text) covering the years 158 and 1588 are included under the topic Early Harford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Harford Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Harford Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Harford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlanti c. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Harford or a variant listed above:

Harford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • John Harford, who settled in Virginia in 1607
  • John Harford, who arrived in Jamestown, Va in 1607
  • Mary Harford settled in Virginia in 1636
  • Mary Harford, who arrived in Virginia in 1636
  • Margaret Harford, who landed in Virginia in 1637
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Harford Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Richard Harford, who landed in Virginia in 1703
  • Henry Harford, who landed in Virginia in 1725
  • Elizabeth Harford, who settled in Jamaica in 1730
  • Charles Harford, who arrived in New York in 1795

Harford Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Samuel Harford a farmer, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Navarino" in 1837 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) NAVARINO 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Navarino.htm
  • Mary Ann Harford arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Navarino" in 1837 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) NAVARINO 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Navarino.htm
  • Stephen Harford a teamster, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Navarino" in 1837 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) NAVARINO 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Navarino.htm
  • Mary Harford arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Navarino" in 1837 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) NAVARINO 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Navarino.htm

Harford Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • James Harford landed in Nelson, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship Bolton
  • Robert Harford, aged 30, a railway wagon builder, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Conflict" in 1874

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Contemporary Notables of the name Harford (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Harford (post 1700)



  • Sir Mark John Harford (b. 1964), 4th Baronet of Falcondale, County of Cardigan, English peer
  • Sir "John" Timothy Harford (1932-2010), 3rd Baronet of Falcondale, County of Cardigan, English peer
  • Sir George Arthur Harford (1897-1967), 2nd Baronet of Falcondale, County of Cardigan, English peer
  • Sir John Charles Harford (1860-1934), 1st Baronet of Falcondale, County of Cardigan, English peer
  • Henry Harford (1758-1760), 5th Proprietor of Maryland English diplomat, the last proprietary owner of the British colony of Maryland
  • Raymond Thomas "Ray" Harford (1945-2003), English footballer, coach and manager
  • Michael Gordon "Mick" Harford (b. 1959), English former football player who played from 1977 to 1998, Member of the 1988 England National Team, current manager
  • Tim Harford (b. 1973), English journalist and economist, best known for his long-running Financial Times column, "The Undercover Economist"
  • Daniel Harford (b. 1977), former Australian rules footballer and radio presenter
  • Noel Sherwin Harford (1930-1981), New Zealand cricketer
  • ... (Another 5 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Harford Historic Events


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Harford Historic Events




Empress of Ireland

  • Mr. N. Harford, British Seaman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking on May 29th 1914

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Harford Family Crest Products


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Harford Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) NAVARINO 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Navarino.htm

Other References

  1. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  2. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  3. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  4. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  5. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  6. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  7. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  8. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  9. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  10. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  11. ...

The Harford Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Harford Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 9 January 2017 at 09:15.

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