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Harford History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms


Origins Available: English , Irish



Early Origins of the Harford family


The surname Harford was first found in Hertfordshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Hertford held by Count Alan and Eudo Fitzherbert from the King who were recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086.

Early History of the Harford family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harford research.
Another 173 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 158 and 1588 are included under the topic Early Harford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Harford Spelling Variations


Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Hartford, Harford, Hertford, Hartforth, Hertforth and others.

Early Notables of the Harford family (pre 1700)


More information is included under the topic Early Harford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Harford family to the New World and Oceana


Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Harford or a variant listed above:

Harford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • John Harford, who settled in Virginia in 1607
  • John Harford, who arrived in Jamestown, Va in 1607 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Mary Harford, who settled in Virginia in 1636
  • Mary Harford, who arrived in Virginia in 1636 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Margaret Harford, who landed in Virginia in 1637 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Harford Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Richard Harford, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Henry Harford, who landed in Virginia in 1725 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Elizabeth Harford, who settled in Jamaica in 1730
  • Charles Harford, who arrived in New York in 1795

Harford Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Samuel Harford a farmer, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Navarino" in 1837 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) NAVARINO 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Navarino.htm
  • Mary Ann Harford, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Navarino" in 1837 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) NAVARINO 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Navarino.htm
  • Stephen Harford a teamster, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Navarino" in 1837 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) NAVARINO 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Navarino.htm
  • Mary Harford, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Navarino" in 1837 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) NAVARINO 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Navarino.htm
  • Mr. William Harford, (b. 1840), aged 23, Cornish farm labourer departing from Liverpool in 1863 aboard the ship "Gresham" arriving in Hobsons Bay, Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia on 11th December 1863 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_victoria.pdf
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Harford Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • James Harford, who landed in Nelson, New Zealand in 1842 aboard the ship Bolton
  • Robert Harford, aged 30, a railway wagon builder, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Conflict" in 1874

Contemporary Notables of the name Harford (post 1700)


  • Sir Mark John Harford (b. 1964), 4th Baronet of Falcondale, County of Cardigan, English peer
  • Sir "John" Timothy Harford (1932-2010), 3rd Baronet of Falcondale, County of Cardigan, English peer
  • Sir George Arthur Harford (1897-1967), 2nd Baronet of Falcondale, County of Cardigan, English peer
  • Sir John Charles Harford (1860-1934), 1st Baronet of Falcondale, County of Cardigan, English peer
  • Henry Harford (1758-1760), 5th Proprietor of Maryland English diplomat, the last proprietary owner of the British colony of Maryland
  • Raymond Thomas "Ray" Harford (1945-2003), English footballer, coach and manager
  • Michael Gordon "Mick" Harford (b. 1959), English former football player who played from 1977 to 1998, Member of the 1988 England National Team, current manager
  • Tim Harford (b. 1973), English journalist and economist, best known for his long-running Financial Times column, "The Undercover Economist"
  • Daniel Harford (b. 1977), former Australian rules footballer and radio presenter
  • Noel Sherwin Harford (1930-1981), New Zealand cricketer
  • ... (Another 5 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Harford family



Empress of Ireland

  • Mr. N. Harford, British Seaman from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html

Harford Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) NAVARINO 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837Navarino.htm
  4. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_victoria.pdf
  5. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html


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