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The history of the Hardwick family goes back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It is derived from the family living in the village of Hardwick near Ashton-cum-Aughton in the county of Yorkshire. The name was originally derived from the Old English word heordewic, when translated refers to the person who dwelled near a sheep farm.

Hardwick Early Origins



The surname Hardwick was first found in Yorkshire. Some of the family held estates at Ault-Hucknall in Derbyshire in early times. "The manor of Hardwicke lies on the south side of the parish, and on the border of Nottinghamshire, from which it is separated by the river Meden or Mayden. It was granted by King John, in 1203, to Andrew de Beauchamp: the Hardwickes possessed it for six generations; and Elizabeth, daughter of John Hardwicke, Esq., brought it to Sir William Cavendish. The present Hall of Hardwicke was built by the Countess of Shrewsbury in the reign of Elizabeth; its situation is exceedingly picturesque and beautiful, standing in a fine park containing 621 acres of land, embellished with venerable oaks of most gigantic size. " [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

The hamlet of Kytes-Hardwick has an eponymous significance to the family. "The family of 'Herdwick,' a branch of the 'Hastangs,' took their name from this place, and some of them are supposed to have resided here. John de Herdwick, in the time of Edward III., held several offices of distinction, and in the first of Richard II. was one of the justices of the peace for the city of Coventry. Another John de Herdwick aided Richmond, afterwards Henry VII., at the battle of Bosworth-Field, and, it is said, by his good conduct as a guide to the army, got the earl the advantage in that fight 'of the ground, winde, and sunne.' The manor, at this period called Herdwick-Grembald, was conveyed by him, in marriage with one of his daughters, to William Dingley." [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.


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Hardwick Spelling Variations


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Hardwick Spelling Variations



Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Hardwick include Hardwick, Hardwicke, Hartwick, Hartwicke and others.

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Hardwick Early History


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Hardwick Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hardwick research. Another 99 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1527, 1608, 1525, 1580 and 1599 are included under the topic Early Hardwick History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Hardwick Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Hardwick Early Notables (pre 1700)



Notables of the family at this time include Elizabeth Talbot (nee Hardwick) (1527-1608), Countess of Shrewsbury, also known as Bess of Hardwick. She was daughter of John Hardwick of Derbyshire by his wife Elizabeth Leeke. The Hardwicks had arrived in Derbyshire from Sussex by the mid thirteenth century and farmed land...

Another 63 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hardwick Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Hardwick or a variant listed above:

Hardwick Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Francis Hardwick settled in Barbados in 1680
  • William Hardwick settled in Jamaica in 1685

Hardwick Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Mattys Hardwick, who landed in New York in 1709
  • William Hardwick settled in St. Christopher in 1716
  • John Peter Hardwick, who arrived in New England in 1752
  • James Hardwick, who arrived in America in 1760-1763

Hardwick Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Peter Hardwick, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1837
  • Nicholas Hardwick, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1843
  • William Hardwick, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1870
  • Robert Hardwick, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1872
  • Henry Hardwick, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1873
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Hardwick Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • John A Hardwick, who landed in Canada in 1828

Hardwick Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • William Hardwick arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Mariner" in 1847

Hardwick Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Hardwick, aged 23, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1865
  • Agnes Hardwick, aged 27, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1865

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Contemporary Notables of the name Hardwick (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Hardwick (post 1700)



  • William Bruce "Billy" Hardwick (1941-2013), American right-handed ten-pin bowler, ranked No. 12 on the 2008 list of "50 Greatest Players of the Last 50 Years"
  • William Guy Hardwick (1910-1993), American politician, 18th Lieutenant Governor of Alabama from 1955 to 1959
  • Chris Hardwick (b. 1971), American television actor
  • Elizabeth Hardwick (1916-2007), American literary critic, novelist, and short story writer
  • Philip Charles Hardwick (1822-1892), English architect, son of the architect Philip Hardwick
  • Philip Hardwick (1792-1870), English architect
  • Claire Elizabeth "Charlie" Hardwick (b. 1960), English actress
  • John Hardwick (b. 1965), award-winning English television, film, and theatre director
  • Walter Hardwick OBC (1932-2005), Canadian leading urban geographer
  • Peter Hardwick (b. 1958), Australian food horticulturist and environmentalist
  • ... (Another 3 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Hardwick Historic Events


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Hardwick Historic Events




HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. Walter Hardwick, British Able Seaman, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking

RMS Lusitania

  • Mr. Charles Cheever Hardwick, American 1st Class Passenger from New York, New York, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 17 then 19

RMS Titanic

  • Mr. Reginald Hardwick, aged 21, English Kitchen Porter from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 11

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Cavendo tutus
Motto Translation: Safe by being cautious.


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Hardwick Family Crest Products


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Hardwick Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  2. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  3. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  4. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  5. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  6. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  7. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  8. Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
  9. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  10. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  11. ...

The Hardwick Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Hardwick Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 13 September 2016 at 20:11.

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