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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


Harcourt is one of the many new names that came to England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Harcourt family lived in Oxfordshire. Their name, however, refers not to this location, but to the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066: one of two towns, Harcourt, in Calvados, Normandy, or Harcourt in Eure, Normandy.

Harcourt Early Origins



The surname Harcourt was first found in Oxfordshire. Errand de Harcourt who claimed descent from Bernard the Dane, who was granted the Lordship of Harcourt from Rollo of Normandy in 876 commanded the Archers of Vel de Ruel in the Conqueror's army. Rather than staying with his fellow countrymen in the newly conquered country, he returned to Normandy shortly after William's coronation. His younger Robert who had also accompanied him on the Conquest remained. Robert's son, William de Harcourt, a strong supporter of Henry I., commanded the troops that defeated the Earl of Mellentin in 1123. In return for his noble efforts, he received many more lands in England. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
This was the beginning of one of the most noble families in England that would quickly rise to the status of the House of Harcourt from which Simon, Lord Harcourt would become Lord Chancellor temp. Queen Anne. Over in the parish of Wyrardisbury in Buckinghamshire, a more recent member of the family holds a piece of history. "Within its limits is Magna Charta island, a small islet in the Thames, on which King John, at the instance of the barons, is said by some to have signed the celebrated charter of English liberty; it is the property of G. Simon Harcourt, Esq., of Ankerwycke House, in the parish." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

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Harcourt Spelling Variations


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Harcourt Spelling Variations



Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Harcourt, Harcutt, Harker, Harkett and others.

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Harcourt Early History


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Harcourt Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harcourt research. Another 195 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1714 and 1727 are included under the topic Early Harcourt History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Harcourt Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Harcourt Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 28 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harcourt Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Harcourt or a variant listed above were:

Harcourt Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Phill Harcourt, who arrived in Virginia in 1664
  • John Harcourt, who arrived in Jamaica in 1684

Harcourt Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Mich Harcourt, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1751
  • Mary Harcourt, who settled in New England in 1773

Harcourt Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Anne Harcourt, who arrived in New York, NY in 1815
  • Richard Harcourt, who landed in New York, NY in 1815
  • Edward Harcourt, who arrived in Texas in 1836

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Contemporary Notables of the name Harcourt (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Harcourt (post 1700)



  • William J. Harcourt, American Republican politician, Candidate in primary for Circuit Judge in Michigan 3rd Circuit, 1935
  • Palmer J. Harcourt, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1972
  • John W. Harcourt, American politician, Member of New York State Senate 11th District, 1856-57
  • J. Palmer Harcourt (b. 1907), American Republican politician, Candidate for New York State Assembly from Albany County 1st District, 1937; Presidential Elector for New York, 1972; Presidential Elector for New York, 1972
  • Bertram E. Harcourt, American politician, Justice of New York Supreme Court 8th District, 1940
  • Edward Vernon Harcourt (1757-1847), English clergyman who was Bishop of Carlisle from 1791 to 1807, and then Archbishop of York
  • Michael Harcourt, Canadian politician, Premier of British Columbia (1991-1996)
  • Geoffrey Harcourt (b. 1931), Australian Economist
  • Lewis Vernon Harcourt (1863-1922), 1st Viscount Harcourt, British politician
  • Sir William Vernon Harcourt (1827-1904), British author

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Le bon temps viendra
Motto Translation: The prosperous time will come.


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Harcourt Family Crest Products


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Harcourt Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
  2. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  3. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  4. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  5. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  6. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  7. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
  8. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  9. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  10. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  11. ...

The Harcourt Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Harcourt Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 6 December 2016 at 02:03.

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