Harcourt History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Harcourt is one of the many new names that came to England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Harcourt family lived in Oxfordshire. Their name, however, refers not to this location, but to the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066: one of two towns, Harcourt, in Calvados, Normandy, or Harcourt in Eure, Normandy.

Early Origins of the Harcourt family

The surname Harcourt was first found in Oxfordshire. Errand de Harcourt who claimed descent from Bernard the Dane, who was granted the Lordship of Harcourt from Rollo of Normandy in 876 commanded the Archers of Vel de Ruel in the Conqueror's army. Rather than staying with his fellow countrymen in the newly conquered country, he returned to Normandy shortly after William's coronation. His younger Robert who had also accompanied him on the Conquest remained. Robert's son, William de Harcourt, a strong supporter of Henry I., commanded the troops that defeated the Earl of Mellentin in 1123. In return for his noble efforts, he received many more lands in England. [1] This was the beginning of one of the most noble families in England that would quickly rise to the status of the House of Harcourt from which Simon, Lord Harcourt would become Lord Chancellor temp. Queen Anne. Over in the parish of Wyrardisbury in Buckinghamshire, a more recent member of the family holds a piece of history. "Within its limits is Magna Charta island, a small islet in the Thames, on which King John, at the instance of the barons, is said by some to have signed the celebrated charter of English liberty; it is the property of G. Simon Harcourt, Esq., of Ankerwycke House, in the parish." [2]

Important Dates for the Harcourt family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harcourt research. Another 98 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1714 and 1727 are included under the topic Early Harcourt History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Harcourt Spelling Variations

Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Harcourt, Harcutt, Harker, Harkett and others.

Early Notables of the Harcourt family (pre 1700)

Another 28 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harcourt Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Harcourt migration to the United States

For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Harcourt or a variant listed above were:

Harcourt Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Phill Harcourt, who arrived in Virginia in 1664 [3]
  • John Harcourt, who arrived in Jamaica in 1684
Harcourt Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Mich Harcourt, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1751 [3]
  • Mary Harcourt, who settled in New England in 1773
Harcourt Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Anne Harcourt, who arrived in New York, NY in 1815 [3]
  • Richard Harcourt, who landed in New York, NY in 1815 [3]
  • Edward Harcourt, who arrived in Texas in 1836

Harcourt migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Harcourt Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. James Harcourt, British settler as part of the 8th Detachment of the Royal New Zealand Fencibles travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Oriental Queen" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 18th September 1849 [4]
  • Mrs. Ann Harcourt, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Oriental Queen" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 18th September 1849 [4]

Contemporary Notables of the name Harcourt (post 1700)

  • William J. Harcourt, American Republican politician, Candidate in primary for Circuit Judge in Michigan 3rd Circuit, 1935 [5]
  • Palmer J. Harcourt, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1972 [5]
  • John W. Harcourt, American politician, Member of New York State Senate 11th District, 1856-57 [5]
  • J. Palmer Harcourt (b. 1907), American Republican politician, Candidate for New York State Assembly from Albany County 1st District, 1937; Presidential Elector for New York, 1972; Presidential Elector for New York, 1972 [5]
  • Bertram E. Harcourt, American politician, Justice of New York Supreme Court 8th District, 1940 [5]
  • Edward Vernon Harcourt (1757-1847), English clergyman who was Bishop of Carlisle from 1791 to 1807, and then Archbishop of York
  • Michael Harcourt, Canadian politician, Premier of British Columbia (1991-1996)
  • Geoffrey Harcourt (b. 1931), Australian Economist
  • Lewis Vernon Harcourt (1863-1922), 1st Viscount Harcourt, British politician
  • Sir William Vernon Harcourt (1827-1904), British author

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Citations

  1. ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  5. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 29) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
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