Hammer History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The ancestral home of the Hammer family is in Austria, where the surname first emerged almost a millennium ago. The name Hammer is a contraction of the German "Hammerschmied," meaning "blacksmith," and was most likely first borne by someone who held this occupation. Alternatively, the name may be derived from the place name "Hammel;" in this instance, the name would refer to someone hailing from the town of Hammel.

Early Origins of the Hammer family

The surname Hammer was first found in southern Germany and Austria, where the family became noted for its many branches throughout these regions. The first individual bearers of this name to be mentioned in ancient chronicles were "meister Hemer der smed [1]" of Breslau, Silesia, in 1356, Hensl Hemerl of Iglau, Bohemia, in 1425, Ulrich Hamerl of Prague in 1390, and Nicolas Hamer of Worms in 1317.

Important Dates for the Hammer family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hammer research. Another 197 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1791, 1820, and 1836 are included under the topic Early Hammer History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hammer Spelling Variations

Many cultural groups lived in the German states in medieval times. Each had its own dialect and traditions, and unique variations of popular names. Low German, which is similar to contemporary Dutch, was spoken in Westphalia. German names are characterized by additions such as regional suffixes and phrases that tell something about the origin or background of its original bearer. Further contributing to the variation in German names was the fact that there were no spelling rules in medieval times: scribes recorded names according to their sound. The recorded spelling variations of Hammer include Hammer, Hammerer, Hamer, Hahmmer, Hahmer, Haammer, Haamer, Hammerer, Haemmerlein, Haemmerle, Hemmerle, Hammerl, Hamerl, Hemmerling, Hammerling, Hemerl, Hemer, Haemmer, Haemmerl and many more.

Early Notables of the Hammer family (pre 1700)

During this period prominent bearers of the name Hammer were Baron Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall, who was a famous linguist and orientalist. He spent 50 years acquiring a vast library of the rarest and most valuable works of oriental...
Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hammer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hammer migration to the United States

After the First World War, Austria became a republic. The Treaty of Versailles broke up the empire in 1919 and many of the Sudeten Germans were incorporated into the new nation of Czechoslovakia. In the 20th century, many Austrians migrated to other parts of Germany or Europe, as well as to North America. In the United States, the majority of settlers landed in Philadelphia, and moved on to Ohio, Texas, Illinois, California, New York, and Maryland. Many German settlers also migrated to Canada, particularly Ontario and the Prairies. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Hammer were

Hammer Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Pedro Hammer, who landed in Maryland in 1666 [2]
Hammer Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Henrich Hammer, who arrived in New York in 1709-1710 [2]
  • Susan Hammer who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1729
  • Rinehart Hammer, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1729
  • Rinehart Hammer, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1729 [2]
  • Susan Hammer, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1729 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hammer Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Christina Hammer, aged 12, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1807 [2]
  • Godfry Hammer, aged 8, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1807 [2]
  • Godlieb Hammer, aged 10, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1807 [2]
  • Jacob Hammer, who arrived in Maryland in 1830 [2]
  • John Gotlieb Hammer, who arrived in Maryland in 1833 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hammer Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Leo Hammer, who landed in Arkansas in 1906 [2]
  • Eva Hammer, aged 37, arrived in New York in 1919 aboard the ship "North Pacific" from Cristobal [3]
  • Knut Hammer, aged 16, arrived in New York in 1919 aboard the ship "Stavangerfjord" from Kristiania, Norway [4]
  • Anders Anton August Hammer, aged 32, arrived in New York in 1919 aboard the ship "Natal" from Barry, England [5]
  • Dagny Hammer, aged 31, originally from Christiania, Norway, arrived in New York, NY in 1919 aboard the ship "Stavangerfjord" from Christiania, Norway [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Hammer migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Hammer Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Johann Julius Hammer, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1753
  • Thomas Christian Hammer, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1753

Hammer migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hammer Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Samuel Hammer, (b. 1852), aged 34, Cornish tin miner travelling aboard the ship "SS Energia" arriving in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on 4th June 1886 [7]
  • Mrs. Emma G Hammer, (b. 1849), aged 37, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "SS Energia" arriving in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on 4th June 1886 [7]

Hammer migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hammer Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Henry Hammer, aged 28, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863
  • Emma Hammer, aged 24, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863
  • James Hammer, aged 5, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863
  • Jane Hammer, aged 6 weeks, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Accrington" in 1863
  • Mrs. Emma Hammer, (b. 1839), aged 24, Cornish settler departing on 18th June 1863 aboard the ship "Accrington" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 5th September 1863 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Hammer (post 1700)

  • William H. Hammer, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from California, 1916 [9]
  • William L. Hammer, American politician, Mayor of Decatur, Illinois, 1869 [9]
  • William Cicero Hammer (1865-1930), American Democrat politician, Mayor of Asheboro, North Carolina, 1895-99; U.S. Representative from North Carolina 7th District, 1921-30 [9]
  • Valdemar T. Hammer, American politician, Warden (borough president) of Branford, Connecticut, 1909-10, 1917-21 [9]
  • Susan Hammer, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 1996, 2000 [9]
  • Scott Hammer, American Democrat politician, Chair of Grant County Democratic Party, 1968-69 [9]
  • Oluf Hammer, American politician, Prohibition Candidate for New York State Senate 15th District, 1922 [9]
  • O. E. Hammer (b. 1867), American politician, Member of Minnesota State House of Representatives 4th District, 1917-20 [9]
  • Marion R. Hammer Jr., American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Iowa, 1944, 1948, 1952 [9]
  • Louis Earle Hammer (1894-1971), American Democrat politician, Dairy business; Postmaster at Tillamook, Oregon, 1936 [9]
  • ... (Another 29 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Hammer family

Empress of Ireland
  • Miss Emma Hammer (b. 2014), Finnish Third Class Passenger from Helsingfors,, Finland who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [10]
Flight TWA 800
  • Miss. Tracy Anne Hammer (1967-1996), from Long Island, New York, USA, American travelling to deliver a Veterinary Science paper flying aboard flight TWA 800 from J.F.K. Airport, New York to Leonardo da Vinci Airport, Rome when the plane crashed after takeoff ; she died in the crash [11]
  • Mrs. Beverly C. Hammer (1937-1996), from Long Island, New York, USA, American passenger flying aboard flight TWA 800 from J.F.K. Airport, New York to Leonardo da Vinci Airport, Rome when the plane crashed after takeoff ; she died in the crash [11]

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Citations

  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6QS-DNG : 6 December 2014), Eva Hammer, 14 Dec 1919; citing departure port Cristobal, arrival port New York, ship name North Pacific, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  4. ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6QZ-VJ9 : 6 December 2014), Knut Hammer, 22 Jan 1919; citing departure port Kristiania, Norway, arrival port New York, ship name Stavangerfjord, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  5. ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6QF-J46 : 6 December 2014), Anders Anton August Hammer, 07 Feb 1919; citing departure port Barry, England, arrival port New York, ship name Natal, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  6. ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6QP-8Q7 : 6 December 2014), Dagny Hammer, 04 Mar 1919; citing departure port Christiania, Norway, arrival port New York, NY, ship name Stavangerfjord, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  7. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 19). Emigrants to Australia NSW 1860 -88 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/nsw_passenger_lists_1860_88.pdf
  8. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Lyttelton 1858-84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  9. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 26) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  10. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  11. ^ The Washington Post Passenger List TWA Flight 800. (Retrieved 2018, February 15th). Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/twa800/list01.htm
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