Viking settlers in ancient Scotland
were the ancestors of the first people to use the name Gunns. It comes from Gunni, a descendant of Einar and of the great peace Kings of Uppsale in Sweden, progenitor of this great Clan
. Gunni was the son of Gillanders, one of the six northern Earls who besieged King Malcolm IV of Scotland
at Perth in 1160. The Gunns, the Sinclairs, the Mackays and the Gordons ruled the far northern reaches of Scotland
. The Gunns' territory centered in Caithness
Early Origins of the Gunns family
The surname Gunns was first found in the Orkneys. But perhaps to North Americans the most interesting aspect of Gunn history is the discovery of a Coat of Arms, which is undoubtedly of the Gunn Clan
, in Westford, Massachusetts. Chiseled into a rock face, it has been reliably dated back to 1395. This was almost one hundred
years before Columbus discovered America. Archaeologists first assumed this marking was the work of an early Indian tribe, but closer examination and the clearance of the scrub, revealed a knight in full armor, a huge sword and a shield on which the Gunn Coat of Arms was displayed.
How did a Knight of the Gunn Clan manage to be buried in Massachusetts years before Columbus discovered America? For the answer, historians went back to the Orkneys. They knew that the Jarls of Orkney, many centuries before had recorded that they wintered in their Viking missions in a land running with fire from the rocks (Nova Scotia, also on the east coast of North America, has bituminous rocks, which can catch fire and melt down the ravines to the sea). They also knew that the Gunns were related to and rode and sailed with the Jarls of Orkney. The pieces of the puzzle fit together fine, but few historians had realized to that point that the Viking discoveries of the New World had penetrated as far south as Massachusetts. This carving is one of the few real evidences of their pioneering expeditions. It is also the earliest record of a Gunn Clan Coat of Arms.
Early History of the Gunns family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gunns research.Another 342 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1231 and 1438 are included under the topic Early Gunns History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gunns Spelling Variations
Translation and spelling were non-standardized practices in the Middle Ages, so scribes had only their ears to rely on. This was a practice of extremely limited efficiency, and spelling variations
in names, even within a single document, were the result. Over the years, Gunns has appeared Gunn, Gun, Guinne (Gaelic) and others.
Early Notables of the Gunns family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Gunns Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gunns family to Ireland
Some of the Gunns family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 111 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gunns family to the New World and Oceana
The fertile east coast of what would become US and Canada was soon dotted with the farms of Scottish settlers. Some of them remained faithful to the crown and called themselves United Empire Loyalists, while others had the chance to pay back their old oppressors in the American War of Independence
. That brave spirit lives on today in the highland games that dot North America in the summer. Passenger and immigration lists indicate that members of the Gunns family came to North America quite early: Daniel Gunn who settled in Boston in 1651; John Gunn settled in Virginia in 1654; William Gunn settled in Jamaica in 1651; John Gunn settled in Nevis in 1654..
The Gunns Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Aut pax, aut bellum
Motto Translation: Either peace or war